J. C. Barthélémy

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PURPOSE Monitoring physical performance is of major importance in competitive sports. Indices commonly used, like resting heart rate, VO2max, and hormones, cannot be easily used because of difficulties in routine use, of variations too small to be reliable, or of technical challenges in acquiring the data. METHODS We chose to assess autonomic nervous(More)
Heart rate variability is a recognized parameter for assessing autonomous nervous system activity. Fourier transform, the most commonly used method to analyze variability, does not offer an easy assessment of its dynamics because of limitations inherent in its stationary hypothesis. Conversely, wavelet transform allows analysis of nonstationary signals. We(More)
In order to assess the relative contribution of aerobic processes to running velocity (v), 27 male athletes were selected on the basis of their middle-distance performances over 800, 1500, 3000 or 5000 m, during the 1987 track season. To be selected for study, the average running velocity $$(\bar \upsilon )$$ corresponding to their performances had to be(More)
The relationships between anaerobic glycolysis and the average velocity ( $$\bar \upsilon$$ ) sustained during running were studied in 17 top level athletes (11 males and 6 females). A blood sample was obtained within 10 min of the completion of major competitions over 400 m, 800 m and 1500 m and the blood lactate concentration [1a]b was measured. In both(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive way of measuring muscular oxygenation. We evaluated the relationship between NIRS signal [infrared muscle oxygen saturation (IR-SO2mus)] and the femoral venous oxygen saturation (SfvO2) during cycling exercise. Six healthy subjects performed a 30-min steady-state exercise at 80% maximal oxygen uptake in(More)
Heart rate fluctuations are a typical finding during obstructive sleep apnoea, characterised by bradycardia during the apnoeic phase and tachycardia at the restoration of ventilation. In this study, a time-frequency domain analysis of the nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) was evaluated as the single diagnostic marker for obstructive sleep apnoea(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) has been evoked in sleep-related breathing disorders. However, its capacity to detect obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has not been systematically determined. Thus, we evaluated the discriminant power of HRV parameters in a first group of patients (G1) and validated their discriminant(More)
PURPOSE Endurance training improves the oxygen delivery and muscle metabolism. Muscle oxygen saturation measured by near infrared spectroscopy (IR-SO(2)), which is primarily influenced by the local delivery/demand balance, should thus be modified by training. We examined this effect by determining the influence of change in blood lactate and muscle(More)
The increased sympathetic activation that occurs in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may play an important role in associated morbidity. We investigated the effect of long-term (3 month) nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the autonomic nervous system assessed by heart rate variability (HRV). Fourteen patients (12 men), mean age 61.4 +/- 8.1(More)
Decreased spontaneous cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), which could lead to the onset of cardiovascular events, has been demonstrated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. This study evaluates the effects of an exercise training programme on BRS. Twenty-one chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients (mean+/-SD age 62+/-9 yrs; forced(More)