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A highly attenuated vaccinia virus strain, NYVAC (vP866), was derived from a plaque-cloned isolate of the Copenhagen vaccine strain by the precise deletion of 18 open reading frames (ORFs) from the viral genome. Among the ORFs deleted from NYVAC (vP866) are two genes involved in nucleotide metabolism, the thymidine kinase (ORF J2R) and the large subunit of(More)
Two recombinant herpesviruses of turkey (HVT) expressing the VP2 protein of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV or Gumboro disease virus) have been constructed: vHVT001 and vHVT002. The VP2 open reading frame was inserted at the locus of the small subunit of ribonucleotide reductase gene (HSV-1 UL40 homolog) without any exogenous promoter in vHVT001 and(More)
In horses, equine influenza virus (EIV) is a leading cause of respiratory disease. Conventional inactivated vaccines induce a short-lived immune response. By comparison, natural infection confers a long-term immunity to re-infection. An aim of new equine influenza vaccines is to more closely mimic natural infection in order to achieve a better quality of(More)
The DNA sequence of bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) ST strain (BHV-1.2 subtype) entire unique short (US) region and part of adjacent flanking sequences of the inverted repeats was determined. The BHV-1 ST US region is 9745 bp in size and has a 70.5% G + C content. Eight potential open reading frames (ORFs) longer than 100 amino acids and designated ORF1(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are bone marrow-derived antigen-presenting cells that have an exquisite capacity to interact with T cells and modulate their responses. Little is known about porcine DCs despite the fact that they represent an important target in strategies that are aimed at modulating resistance to infection in pigs and may be of major importance in(More)
The S glycoprotein of feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) has been shown to contain the antigenic sites responsible for eliciting both neutralization and antibody-dependent enhancement. To determine the region of S responsible, overlapping DNA fragments spanning the entire S gene were cloned and expressed as fusion proteins by in vitro transcription(More)
In this study, experimental canarypox virus (ALVAC) and plasmid DNA recombinant vaccines expressing the gB, gC and gD glycoproteins of EHV-1 were assessed for their ability to protect conventional ponies against a respiratory challenge with EHV-1. In addition, potential means of enhancing serological responses in horses to ALVAC and DNA vaccination were(More)
Emergency vaccination as part of the control strategies against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) has the potential to limit virus spread and reduce large-scale culling. To reduce the time between vaccination and the onset of immunity, immunostimulatory CpG was tested for its capacity to promote early protection against FMDV challenge in pigs. To this(More)
The safety and efficacy of a canarypox vector expressing PrM and E genes of West Nile virus (WNV) (ALVAC-WNV) was evaluated in dogs and cats. One group of 17 dogs (vaccinated with 10(5.6) TCID(50)) and two groups of cats (groups 1 [n=14] vaccinated with 10(7.5) TCID(50) and 2 [n=8] 10(5.6) TCID(50)) were vaccinated twice at 28-day intervals. Fifteen dogs(More)
The sequence of BamHI-I fragment of the herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) FC126 strain DNA was analyzed for the presence of potential open reading frames (ORFs). Four complete (ORFs 2 to 5) and 2 partial ORFs (ORFs 1 and 6) were detected. ORFs 2 and 3 were homologous to the HSV-1 UL55 and the EHV-1 gene 3, respectively. The ORF 6 was already partially sequenced(More)