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[1] Recent empirical studies have shown that multi-angle spectral data can be useful for predicting canopy height, but the physical reason for this correlation was not understood. We follow the concept of canopy spectral invariants, specifically escape probability, to gain insight into the observed correlation. Airborne Multi-Angle Imaging Spectrometer(More)
Long-term primary cultures of epithelial cells from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver have been established. Nearly homogenous (> 97%) populations of hepatocytes were placed into primary culture and remained viable and proliferative for at least 70 d. In addition to hepatocytes, proliferative biliary cells persisted in the cultures for at least 30(More)
To better characterize the hepatotoxicity of acetaminophen, the effects of this drug were investigated on isolated liver cells from a species relatively resistant to acetaminophen toxicity, rainbow trout. At high concentrations of acetaminophen (2-10 mM), pathologic effects were detected, including loss of lactate dehydrogenase from cells, disruption of(More)
Composition and interactions of cell types in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver digested with collagenase and cultured in serum-free media were investigated. Suspensions obtained after digesting trout liver with collagenase contained all the cell types present in the liver, including liver parenchymal cells (hepatocytes), biliary epithelial cells,(More)
The mechanism by which pyruvate kinase (PK) is allosterically activated by fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) is poorly understood. To identify residues key to allostery of yeast PK, a point mutation strategy was used. T403E and R459Q mutations in the FBP binding site caused reduced FBP affinity. Introducing positive charges at the 403, 458, and 406 positions(More)
A reversible interconversion of two kinetically distinct forms of hepatic pyruvate kinase regulated by glucagon and insulin is demonstrated in the perfused rat liver. The regulation does not involve the total enzyme content of the liver, but rather results in a modulation of the substrate dependence. The forms of pyruvate kinase in liver homogenates are(More)
—A significant impediment to forest managers has been the difficulty in obtaining large-area forest structure and fuel characteristics at useful resolutions and accuracies. This paper demonstrates how LIDAR data were used to predict canopy bulk density (CBD) and canopy base height (CBH) for an area in the Sierra National Forest. The LIDAR data were used to(More)