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DNA repair mechanisms constitute major defences against agents that cause cancer, degenerative disease and aging. Different repair systems cooperate to maintain the integrity of genetic information. Investigations of DNA repair involvement in human pathology require an efficient tool that takes into account the variety and complexity of repair systems. We(More)
A mutant species of the 185-residue chain of human interleukin-6 lacking 22-residues at its N-terminus and with a Cys-->Ser substitution at positions 45 and 51 was produced in Escherichia coli. The 163-residue protein des-(A1-S22)-[C45S, C51S]interleukin-6, containing a single disulfide bridge, formed inclusion bodies. Mutant interleukin-6 was solubilized(More)
The enzyme kynurenine aminotransferase (KAT) catalyses the conversion of L-kynurenine to kynurenic acid. A combination of polymerase chain reaction techniques and hybridization screening was used to isolate a cDNA clone encompassing the entire coding region of KAT from rat kidney. Identification of the cDNA as coding for KAT was based both on the comparison(More)
The mitochondrial outer membrane enzyme kynurenine 3-hydroxylase (K3H) is an NADPH-dependent flavin mono-oxygenase involved in the tryptophan pathway, where it catalyzes the hydroxylation of kynurenine. K3H was transiently expressed in COS-1 cells as a glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion protein, and the pure recombinant protein (rec-K3H) was obtained(More)
The objective of this survey paper is to review the main methodologies used in the development of models and in the design of controllers for irrigation canal systems. These systems are characterized by time delays, non-linear features, strong unknown perturbations, and interactions among subsystems. Although a large part of these developments are still at(More)
The formation of a complex between beta-catenin and members of the TCF/LEF family of high-mobility group proteins is a key regulatory event in the wnt-signaling pathway, essential for embryonal development as well as the growth of normal and malignant colon epithelium. We have characterized the binding of TCF4 to human beta-catenin by steady-state intrinsic(More)
Pro-urokinase is a natural plasminogen activator that displays a clot-lysis activity through a fibrin-dependent mechanism. It seems to be a promising agent for the treatment of coronary thrombosis. Like tissue-type plasminogen activator and two-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator, pro-urokinase has a very short half-life in circulation. It has been(More)
A new mutein of interleukin-6, called delta 22-IL-6 Cys 3,4, characterized by the deletion of the first 22 amino acids at the N-terminal end and by the substitution of the first two cysteines (Cys23 and Cys29) with serine residues, was produced in Escherichia coli and was found to maintain the structural and functional properties of the human native form. A(More)
Kynureninase [E.C.3.7.1.3.] is one of the enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of NAD cofactors from tryptophan through the kynurenine pathway. By tryptic and CNBr digestion of purified rat liver kynureninase, we obtained about 28% of the amino acid sequence of the enzyme. The rat kynureninase cDNA, isolated by means of reverse-transcribed polymerase chain(More)
During the last three decades, a considerable amount of work has been undertaken to determine the nature, the mechanism of formation and the biological consequences of radiation-induced DNA lesions. Most of the information was obtained via the development of chemical approaches, including theoretical, analytical and organic synthesis methods. Since it is(More)