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Dendritic-cell (DC) trafficking and function in tumors is poorly characterized, with studies confined to myeloid DCs (DC1s). Tumors inhibit DC1 migration and function, likely hindering specific immunity. The role of plasmacytoid DCs (DC2s) in tumor immunity is unknown. We show here that malignant human ovarian epithelial tumor cells express very high levels(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related receptor FcRn is involved in regulating serum gammaglobulin (IgG) levels in mice. With the aim of increasing the serum half-life of a recombinant murine Fc gamma 1 fragment, the affinity for binding to FcRn at pH 6.0 has been increased by random mutagenesis of Thr252, Thr254, and Thr256 followed by(More)
Our recent data indicate that the MHC class I-related receptor, FcRn, plays a role in regulating serum IgG levels, in addition to its known role in transferring IgG from mother to young. In the current study, the distribution of FcRn in adult mice has been investigated using several approaches. First, tissue distribution of anti-FcRn F(ab')2, murine IgG1(More)
Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) activate naive T lymphocytes to induce adaptive immunity, effecting Th1 polarization through IL-12. However, little is known about other potential DC Th1 polarizing mechanisms, or how T cell polarization may be affected by DCs differentiating in, or exposed to, a proinflammatory environment. Macrophages (MPhis) are(More)
BACKGROUND T cell activation plays a major role in the ability of HIV to remain latent or to establish a productive infection. It has been hypothesized that vaccination-mediated immune stimulation can activate T cells and enhance HIV replication. Our study was designed to determine whether influenza immunization would induce T cell activation and increase(More)
The present studies were designed to further determine whether the CD25 marker could distinguish between cells productively and latently infected with HIV. This was accomplished by combining immunotoxin (IT)-mediated killing of CD25+ cells, highly sensitive indirect immunofluorescence to detect remaining CD25+ cells, and PCR-mediated amplification of(More)
It has been shown that the combined use of two pharmacologic agents can inhibit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro. One, an anti-CD25 immunotoxin (IT), kills activated T cells that produce virus; the other, the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine, prevents the quiescent cells, which harbor HIV, from(More)
Reciprocal regulation of opposing functions characterizes biological systems. We now show that adenovirus-infected plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) inhibit monocyte to myeloid dendritic cell (MDC) differentiation and function, and that adenovirus-infected monocytes inhibit PDC type I interferon secretion. Adenovirus-infected PDC secreted IFN-alpha, beta(More)
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