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Objective: In mechanically ventilated patients, the expiratory time constant provides information about the respiratory mechanics and the actual time needed for complete expiration. As an easy method to determine the time constant, the ratio of exhaled tidal volume to peak expiratory flow has been proposed. This assumes a single compartment model for the(More)
Three patients from a large consanguineous family, and one unrelated patient had exercise intolerance since early childhood and improved by supplementation with a high dosage of riboflavin. This was confirmed by higher endurance power in exercise testing. Riboflavin had been given because complex I, which contains riboflavin in FMN, one of its prosthetic(More)
Daytime sleepiness is common in myotonic dystrophy and might be attributed to disturbed nocturnal breathing. Seventeen out of 22 patients complained of excessive daytime sleepiness, resembling "idiopathic hypersomnolence". Sleep apnoea might have contributed to daytime sleepiness in only three of 17 patients. Treatment with the central stimulant(More)
The results of monitoring respiratory parameters estimated from flow-pressure-volume measurements can be used to assess patients' pulmonary condition, to detect poor patient-ventilator interaction and consequently to optimize the ventilator settings. A new method is proposed to obtain detailed information about respiratory parameters without interfering(More)
The slope of phase 3 and three noninvasively determined dead space estimates derived from the expiratory carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) versus volume curve, including the Bohr dead space (VD,Bohr), the Fowler dead space (VD,Fowler) and pre-interface expirate (PIE), were investigated in 28 healthy control subjects, 12 asthma and 29 emphysema patients (20(More)
Chronic inflammation and extracellular remodeling of the airway wall characterize asthma. The purpose of this study was to examine whether these features cause a change in airway mechanical properties. We examined 14 healthy and 10 young adults with long-lasting asthma, the latter treated with inhaled bronchodilators and corticosteroids. To obtain(More)
Pulmonary function was investigated in 31 consecutive patients with relatively severe Parkinson's disease. Clinical disability was assessed by Hoehn and Yahr scale, Northwestern University Disability Scale and Websterscore. All patients were on levodopa substitution therapy and used anticholinergics. Pulmonary function was investigated by spirography,(More)
We tested the hypothesis that airway wall dimensions are important determinants for the mechanical properties of airways. Lung tissue was obtained from 31 smokers with different degrees of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were operated on for a solitary lung lesion. Segments of small airways (n = 35) were mounted on cannulas in an organ bath(More)
In 17 patients with myotonic dystrophy, spirometric, flow-volume, and maximal mouth occlusion variables were obtained and compared with 8 normal subjects. Ventilatory CO2, response was measured by the estimation of the steady-state effect of a sufficiently large serial dead space. Variability of resting breathing pattern was expressed by the variation(More)
Because myotonic dystrophy patients show marked irregularities of breathing both awake and asleep, variables related to breathing pattern under both conditions were measured in 11 patients, together with pulmonary function indices, ventilatory CO2 response and maximal mouth pressures. The aim of the study was to detect and explain a possible(More)