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A planar array of microelectrodes has been developed for monitoring the electrical activity of neurons in cell culture. The microelectrode array was tested and characterized using impedance measurements and SEM. To verify the spatial sensitivity of the microelectrodes we used a specially developed simulation device.
The recognition of autophagy related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1) as a genetic risk factor has exposed the critical role of autophagy in Crohn's disease. Homozygosity for the highly prevalent ATG16L1 risk allele, or murine hypomorphic (HM) activity, causes Paneth cell dysfunction. As Atg16l1(HM) mice do not develop spontaneous intestinal inflammation, the(More)
BACKGROUND The innate immune system employs several receptor families that form the basis of sensing pathogen-associated molecular patterns. NOD (nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain) like receptors (NLRs) comprise a group of cytosolic proteins that trigger protective responses upon recognition of intracellular danger signals. NOD2 displays a(More)
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