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In rectal cancer, preoperative staging should identify early tumours suitable for treatment by surgery alone and locally advanced tumours that require therapy to induce tumour regression from the potential resection margin. Currently, local staging can be performed by digital rectal examination (DRE), endoluminal ultrasound (EUS) or magnetic resonance(More)
Arteriovenous fistulae are a common sequel to percutaneous biopsy of the transplant kidney. The majority close spontaneously, but a proportion progress and may require embolization or surgical closure. They are characterized by a very pulsatile (arterialized) venous flow. The arteries sometimes demonstrate a low resistive index and/or high velocities, but(More)
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