J. Blair Meldrum

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Levels of arsenic, cadmium, copper, mercury and lead were determined in approximately 650 samples of liver and kidney from cattle, swine and poultry slaughtered in Canada during 1979-81. In addition zinc levels were determined in livers and kidneys from swine, and selenium and zinc levels were determined in the livers and kidneys from cattle. Depending on(More)
Arsenic toxicosis and suspected chromium toxicosis were diagnosed in a herd of cattle that ingested ashes from lumber treated with copper, chromium, and arsenic. Findings included peracute death, depression, ataxia, weakness, recumbency, and watery diarrhea. Chemical analyses of liver, kidney, abomasal contents, rumen contents, and ashes revealed high(More)
Feed taken from a commercial turkey farm where poults had refused to eat the feed and high mortality had occurred was analyzed and found to contain .81 mg/kg vomitoxin and 2.2 mg/kg salinomycin. The present four experiments investigated the effects of diets containing salinomycin at 0, 2.2, 5.5, 11, and 22 mg/kg and vomitoxin at 0, 2.2, and 4.4 mg/kg. A(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure urine concentrations of sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), determine optimal storage conditions for urine samples, establish a reference range, and determine whether there is correlation between 24-hour total urine GAG excretion and the GAG-to-creatinine ratio (GCR). ANIMALS 14 healthy adult dogs. PROCEDURE Single urine sample GAG(More)
Toxic effects of 5-hydroxymethyldeoxyuridine (HMUdR) were studied in white Swiss mice. Pathological, hematological, and clinical chemistry parameters were examined. Systemic toxicity was not observed in mice after ip administration of HMUdR in single doses up to 2000 mg/kg. Mice administered HMUdR daily for 15 days at 200 mg/kg, ip, manifested loss of(More)
Over the last 20 years, numerous reports, symposia, and workshops have focused on the challenges and changes facing veterinary and allopathic medicine. Many of these have specifically considered the changing economic and demographic profiles of the health professions, the specific roles of health professionals in society, and the importance of professional(More)
Crossbred weanling pigs (n = 96, average initial weight, 8.4 kg) were used in a 6-wk trial using a 2 x 2 x 3 factorial arrangement of treatments to determine the effects of floor space allowance (.28 and .14 m2/pig), dietary Se (40 and 200 ppb), and dietary Zn (30, 80, and 250 ppm) on growth performance, clinical pathology measurements, serum minerals, and(More)
This article presents a history of curriculum revision. Internal and external factors prompting the initial curriculum review included the Pew Report, a vision in the college for reform, and faculty retreats focusing on curriculum. The reformed curriculum was designed around a "core plus elective" strategy and was implemented following development by(More)
Eighty-three weaned beef calves severely deficient (less than 20 micrograms/L) in blood selenium (Se) were allotted by sex, weight and breed to one of six regimens of Se supplementation for 108 days to examine the efficacy of various Se supplementation programs and to monitor the repletion rate of blood Se concentrations. Cattle in treatment 1 received an(More)
Toxicity and integrity disruption in response to transport through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of the organophosphates malathion and malaoxon and heavy metal lead acetate were assessed in two in vitro barrier systems. One system was constructed using bovine brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMEC), while the other system was constructed with rat brain(More)