J. Ben Atkinson

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Apolipoprotein E (apoE) deficiency causes severe hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis in humans and in gene-targeted mice. Although the majority of apoE in plasma is of hepatic origin, apoE is synthesized by a variety of cell types, including macrophages. Because macrophages derive from hematopoietic cells, bone marrow transplantation was used to examine the(More)
Stretch-activated ion channels have been identified as transducers of mechanoelectric coupling in the heart, where they may play a role in arrhythmogenesis. The role of the cytoskeleton in ion channel control has been a topic of recent study and the transmission of mechanical stresses to stretch-activated channels by cytoskeletal attachment has been(More)
BACKGROUND Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) regulates fibrinolysis and has been reported to be an independent risk factor for ischemic cardiovascular events. This study describes the age-dependent development of spontaneous coronary arterial thrombi that are associated with evidence of subendocardial myocardial infarction in mice transgenic for(More)
Although atrial fibrillation is the most common serious cardiac arrhythmia, the fundamental molecular pathways remain undefined. Mutations in KCNQ1, one component of a sympathetically activated cardiac potassium channel complex, cause familial atrial fibrillation, although the mechanisms in vivo are unknown. We show here that mice with deletion of the KCNQ1(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular smooth muscle cell growth factors are postulated to contribute to cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Few data quantitatively address the timing, location, or stimuli for growth factor expression and relationship to CAV. METHODS AND RESULTS Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) mRNA expression was determined in serial endomyocardial(More)
Reovirus is a nonenveloped mammalian virus that provides a useful model system for studies of viral infections in the young. Following internalization into host cells, the outermost capsid of reovirus virions is removed by endosomal cathepsin proteases. Determinants of capsid disassembly kinetics reside in the viral σ3 protein. However, the contribution of(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is produced by myocardial tissue, and the plasma ANF concentration is known to be elevated in congestive heart failure (CHF). Data from animal models indicate that myocardial concentrations of ANF are depleted in CHF, and this has given rise to the hypothesis that CHF is characterized by depletion of stored ANF. To(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence indicates that proteotoxicity plays a pathophysiologic role in experimental and human cardiomyopathy. In organ-specific amyloidoses, soluble protein oligomers are the primary cytotoxic species in the process of protein aggregation. While isolated atrial amyloidosis can develop with aging, the presence of preamyloid oligomers(More)