Learn More
Postconfluent cultures of HT-29 cells form a heterogeneous multilayer of which greater than 95% of the cells are undifferentiated. In contrast, when stably adapted to normally lethal concentrations of methotrexate (10(-6)-10(-5) M), they form a monolayer of gobletlike cells (Lesuffleur et al., 1990) which secrete large quantities of mucins and display a(More)
The activities of 5 enzymes involved in the pyrimidine metabolism were measured in xenografts of 8 human colon adenocarcinomas and in the corresponding primary tumors and normal tissues. The enzymes studied were thymidine kinase, thymidine phosphorylase, uridine kinase, uridine phosphorylase and thymidylate synthase. With the exception of the phosphorylases(More)
The inducibility of pulmonary microsomal enzymes and the biological effects of chronic induction by 5-6 benzoflavone and methylcholanthrene were compared in normal and precancerous rats. Two important points were shown out: a dose of 6000 WLM resulted in a permanent modification of the pulmonary microsomal enzymatic pool and 5-6 benzoflavon was a strong(More)
Five human melanoma cell lines were investigated for their antioxidant activities. These metabolic data were correlated with cytogenetic analysis giving the relative numbers of chromosomes or chromosomal segments carrying the gene encoding for each enzyme. Particular attention was focused on the expression of superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), whose gene,(More)
The anti-oxidant metabolism was studied at different times after sub-culture in 2 colon cell lines previously characterized for their growth and differentiation properties. The HT29 cell line is mainly composed of proliferative and undifferentiative cells, while the derived 5-fluorouracil (FUra)-adapted cells undergo growth-dependent differentiation, which(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cavitation has been shown to hinder colon cancer cell proliferation in vitro. This study aimed at investigating the interest of combining cavitation and cytotoxic drugs in vitro. METHODS HT-29 cells were exposed in suspension to cavitation (shock waves plus bubbles) before 5-fluorouracil (FUra) administration. Cytotoxicity was studied by(More)
Genistein, an isoflavonoid derivative initially described as an in vitro protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor, also inhibits mammalian DNA topoisomerase II both in vitro and in vivo. From a human leukaemic T cell line (CCRF-CEM), two genistein-resistant cell lines, which grow in the presence of 50 and 150 microM genistein, respectively, were selected and(More)
The HT-29 cell line contains a small proportion of differentiated polarized, enterocytic and mucus-secreting cell types (less than 95%) which can be selected under various pressure conditions, e.g., glucose deprivation or methotrexate. The purpose of the present work was to investigate whether this also applies to 5-fluorouracil (FUra). Stepwise adaptation(More)
PURPOSE To establish and characterize an in vitro model of radiation-induced transformation of normal glial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS During the last week of gestation, pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were either irradiated at 3.5 Gy (0.022 Gy h(-1)) with a 60Co source or sham irradiated. On day 21 of gestation, cortical nerve cells from foetuses were(More)