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MutY and endonuclease III, two DNA glycosylases from Escherichia coli, and AfUDG, a uracil DNA glycosylase from Archeoglobus fulgidus, are all base excision repair enzymes that contain the [4Fe-4S](2+) cofactor. Here we demonstrate that, when bound to DNA, these repair enzymes become redox-active; binding to DNA shifts the redox potential of the(More)
MutY, like many DNA base excision repair enzymes, contains a [4Fe4S]2+ cluster of undetermined function. Electrochemical studies of MutY bound to a DNA-modified gold electrode demonstrate that the [4Fe4S] cluster of MutY can be accessed in a DNA-mediated redox reaction. Although not detectable without DNA, the redox potential of DNA-bound MutY is(More)
Spectroscopic techniques are employed to probe relationships between structural dynamics and charge transfer (CT) efficiency in DNA duplexes and DNA:RNA hybrids containing photoexcited 2-aminopurine (Ap). To better understand the variety of interactions and reactions, including CT, between Ap and DNA, the fluorescence behavior of Ap is investigated in a(More)
The luminescent characteristics of Ru(bpy)(2)dppz(2+) (dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine), a DNA light switch, were investigated in the presence of oligonucleotides containing single base mismatches or an abasic site. In water, the ruthenium luminescence is quenched, but, bound to well matched duplex DNA, the Ru complex luminesces. Here we show that(More)
Electrochemistry-based sensors offer sensitivity, selectivity and low cost for the detection of selected DNA sequences or mutated genes associated with human disease. DNA-based electrochemical sensors exploit a range of different chemistries, but all take advantage of nanoscale interactions between the target in solution, the recognition layer and a solid(More)
Despite a low copy number within the cell, base excision repair (BER) enzymes readily detect DNA base lesions and mismatches. These enzymes also contain [Fe4S4] clusters, yet a redox role for these iron cofactors had been unclear. Here, we provide evidence that BER proteins may use DNA-mediated redox chemistry as part of a signaling mechanism to detect base(More)
DNA charge transport chemistry is found to provide a sensitive method for probing protein-dependent changes in DNA structure and enzymatic reactions. Here we describe the development of an electrochemical assay of protein binding to DNA-modified electrodes based upon the detection of associated perturbations in DNA base stacking. Gold electrode surfaces(More)
Since the elucidation of the structure of double helical DNA, the construction of small molecules that recognize and react at specific DNA sites has been an area of considerable interest. In particular, the study of transition metal complexes that bind DNA with specificity has been a burgeoning field. This growth has been due in large part to the useful(More)
The cellular uptake of a series of dipyridophenazine (dppz) complexes of Ru(II) was examined by flow cytometry. The complexes, owing to their facile synthesis, stability, and luminescence, provide a route to compare and contrast systematically factors governing cellular entry. Substituting the ancillary ligands in the dppz complexes of Ru(II) permits(More)
Charge transfer in supramolecular assemblies of DNA is unique because of the notion that the pi-stacked bases within the duplex may mediate the transport, possibly leading to damage and/or repair. The phenomenon of transport through pi-stacked arrays over a long distance has an analogy to conduction in molecular electronics, but the mechanism still needs to(More)