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Ultrasound (US) probe calibration establishes the rigid body transformation between the US image and a tracking device attached to the probe. This is an important requirement for correct 3-D reconstruction of freehand US images and, thus, for accurate surgical navigation based on US. In this study, we evaluated three methods for probe calibration, based on(More)
We present a robust and automatic method for evaluating the 3-D navigation accuracy in ultrasound (US) based image-guided systems. The method is based on a precisely built and accurately measured phantom with several wire crosses and an automatic 3-D template matching by correlation algorithm. We investigated the accuracy and robustness of the algorithm and(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate a method for strain calculation and its ability to discriminate between brain tumour and normal brain. During surgery of a low-grade astrocytoma and a metastasis, we acquired ultrasound (US) radiofrequency (RF) data with a hand-held probe at the dura mater. Using cross-correlation and phase-sensitive processing,(More)
OBJECTIVE We have investigated alternative ways to integrate intraoperative 3D ultrasound images and preoperative MR images in the same 3D scene for visualizing brain shift and improving overview and interpretation in ultrasound-based neuronavigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS A Multi-Modal Volume Visualizer (MMVV) was developed that can read data exported(More)
We have investigated the 3D navigation accuracy of a frameless ultrasound-based neuronavigation system (SonoWand) for surgical planning and intraoperative image guidance. In addition, we present a detailed description and review of the error sources associated with surgical neuronavigation based on preoperative MRI data and intraoperative ultrasound. A(More)
Motion of carotid artery plaques during the cardiac cycle may contribute to plaque disruption and embolism. We have developed a computerized method that objectively analyzes such motion from a sequence of ultrasound (US) radiofrequency (RF) images. A displacement vector map is obtained by 2-D correlation of local areas in consecutive images. From this map,(More)
The rupture risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is routinely inferred from the maximum diameter of the AAA. However, clinical experience indicates that this criterion has poor accuracy and that noninvasive assessment of the elastic properties of the vessel might give better correspondence with the rupture risk. We have developed a method for analysis(More)
We have previously developed a method for quantifying motion in carotid artery plaques from sequences of ultrasound (US) radiofrequency images. Here, we examine the intraoperator reproducibility of the results. Five independent recordings were made on each of six symptomatic and six asymptomatic patients, and processed off-line into 29 motion parameters,(More)
Norges teknisk-naturvitensapelige universitet Fakultet for informasjonsteknologi, matematikk og elektroteknikk Institutt for datateknikk og informasjonsvitenskap Preface This thesis is submitted to the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree "Doktor Ingeniør". Acknowledgements First of(More)
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