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Ultrasound (US) probe calibration establishes the rigid body transformation between the US image and a tracking device attached to the probe. This is an important requirement for correct 3-D reconstruction of freehand US images and, thus, for accurate surgical navigation based on US. In this study, we evaluated three methods for probe calibration, based on(More)
We have investigated the 3D navigation accuracy of a frameless ultrasound-based neuronavigation system (SonoWand) for surgical planning and intraoperative image guidance. In addition, we present a detailed description and review of the error sources associated with surgical neuronavigation based on preoperative MRI data and intraoperative ultrasound. A(More)
We present a robust and automatic method for evaluating the 3-D navigation accuracy in ultrasound (US) based image-guided systems. The method is based on a precisely built and accurately measured phantom with several wire crosses and an automatic 3-D template matching by correlation algorithm. We investigated the accuracy and robustness of the algorithm and(More)
Background. The objective of the study was to test the ability of a 3D ultrasound (US) based intraoperative imaging and navigation system to delineate gliomas and metastases in a clinical setting. The 3D US data is displayed as reformatted 2D image slices. The quality of the displayed 3D data is affected both by the resolution of the acquired data and the(More)
Motion of carotid artery plaques during the cardiac cycle may contribute to plaque disruption and embolism. We have developed a computerized method that objectively analyzes such motion from a sequence of ultrasound (US) radiofrequency (RF) images. A displacement vector map is obtained by 2-D correlation of local areas in consecutive images. From this map,(More)
Objective: We have investigated alternative ways to integrate intraoperative 3D ultrasound images and preoperative MR images in the same 3D scene for visualizing brain shift and improving overview and interpretation in ultrasound-based neuronavigation. Materials and Methods: A Multi-Modal Volume Visualizer (MMVV) was developed that can read data exported(More)
OBJECTIVE We have investigated alternative ways to integrate intraoperative 3D ultrasound images and preoperative MR images in the same 3D scene for visualizing brain shift and improving overview and interpretation in ultrasound-based neuronavigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS A Multi-Modal Volume Visualizer (MMVV) was developed that can read data exported(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate a method for strain calculation and its ability to discriminate between brain tumour and normal brain. During surgery of a low-grade astrocytoma and a metastasis, we acquired ultrasound (US) radiofrequency (RF) data with a hand-held probe at the dura mater. Using cross-correlation and phase-sensitive processing,(More)
The rupture risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is routinely inferred from the maximum diameter of the AAA. However, clinical experience indicates that this criterion has poor accuracy and that noninvasive assessment of the elastic properties of the vessel might give better correspondence with the rupture risk. We have developed a method for analysis(More)