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The effect of granulosa cell (GC) apoptosis and follicle size on the competence of bovine oocytes were studied using a well-in-drop (WID) oocyte/embryo culture system, which allows identification of follicular origin. Hatching rates of blastocysts did not differ (P>0.05) between oocytes cultured in the WID system (13%) and those cultured in the conventional(More)
A series of 45 patients (31 female) underwent clam enterocystoplasty for urgency and incontinence. The majority had detrusor instability. Prolonged conservative treatment had failed in all cases. Improvement occurred in 71% and those younger than 30 years had better overall results; 29% remained incontinent, with 9% requiring a urinary diversion. Many(More)
L-malate, a tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) intermediate, plays an important role in transporting NADH from cytosol to mitochondria for energy production and may be involved in the beneficial effects of improving physical stamina. In the present study, we investigated the effects of L-malate on the performance of forced swimming time and blood biochemical(More)
A specific problem in the preservation of goat semen has been the detrimental effect of seminal plasma on the viability of spermatozoa in extenders containing egg yolk or milk. The use of chemically defined extenders will have obvious advantages in liquid storage of buck semen. Our previous study showed that the self-made mZAP extender performed better than(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of long-term exposure to environmental cadmium on eight mineral element's metabolic balance of human body. METHODS To choose a high cadmium area polluted by smelting and mining north of Guangdong province and a cadmium-free area with a similar economic level, and living and eating habit of residents as a contrast from(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate dynamic change of cadmium body burden and renal dysfunction among residents living in cadmium-polluted areas. METHODS From April to July of 2011, the cadmium-polluted areas of northern Guangdong province in China was chosen as the study site. Based on the levels of cadmium pollution in soil and rice, the survey areas were divided(More)
OBJECTIVE Body's iron metabolism is at one dynamic balance status, and abnormal iron metabolism may lead to renal anemia. Inflammation stimuli may lead to abnormal iron metabolism and aggravation of chronic failure anemia. Hepcidin can regulate iron metabolic homeostasis, further mediating renal anemia. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an inflammatory inhibitor,(More)
The suitability of certain commercial and self-made chemically defined extenders for liquid storage of goat semen was tested and the effects of storage temperatures, dilution rates and sperm washing and pH of extenders on the goat sperm during liquid storage were observed. Semen was collected from nine goat bucks of the Lubei White and Boer breeds using an(More)
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