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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES Myocardial C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) levels are increased in heart failure. CNP can induce negative inotropic (NIR) and positive lusitropic responses (LR) in normal hearts, but its effects in failing hearts are not known. We studied the mechanism of CNP-induced NIR and LR in failing hearts and determined whether sarcoplasmatic(More)
The purpose of our study was to investigate the inotropic response to the endogenous agonist norepinephrine mediated through alpha-1 adrenoceptors and to compare this response to that mediated through beta-adrenoceptors in failing human ventricular myocardium. We studied ex vivo the inotropic effect of norepinephrine in isometrically contracting trabecular(More)
Other investigators have claimed that norepinephrine does not evoke a significant alpha adrenergic inotropic effect in rabbit ventricular myocardium in contrast to some other mammalian species, indicating an important functional limitation of the cardiac alpha adrenoceptors. We therefore characterized the inotropic effects of norepinephrine in isometrically(More)
A sensitive radioimmunoassay (limit of detection 7 +/- 1 fmol per tube) for cyclic AMP (cAMP) based on acetylation of both 3H-cAMP and unlabeled ligand was developed. Rabbit anti-cAMP antibodies had an apparent Ka for the acetylated ligand of 2 x 10(10) l/mol. When the unlabeled ligand only was acetylated an increased sensitivity was obtained without loss(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE β-Adrenoceptor (β-AR)-mediated inotropic effects are attenuated and G(i) proteins are up-regulated in heart failure (HF). Muscarinic receptors constitutively inhibit cAMP formation in normal rat cardiomyocytes. We determined whether constitutive activity of muscarinic receptors to inhibit adenylyl cyclase (AC) increases in HF and if(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Muscarinic stimulation increases myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity with no apparent inotropic response in normal rat myocardium. Increased myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity is a molecular mechanism promoting increased contractility in failing cardiac tissue. Thus, muscarinic receptor activation could elicit inotropic responses in(More)
AIM In failing myocardium the mechanical response to beta-adrenoceptor stimulation is attenuated. Alternative signalling systems might provide inotropic support when the beta-adrenoceptor system is dysfunctioning. Accordingly, the inotropic responses to alpha 1- and beta-adrenoceptor stimulation by the endogenous adrenoceptor agonist noradrenaline in(More)
Beta-adrenergic receptor (βAR) inotropic effects are attenuated and muscarinic receptor-mediated inhibition thereof is enhanced in heart failure. We investigated if increased G(i) activity contributes to attenuated βAR-inotropic effects and potentiates muscarinic accentuated antagonism in failing rat ventricle. Contractility was measured in ventricular(More)
The contribution of an alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated component to the final inotropic response to noradrenaline in the absence and presence of muscarinic acetylcholine receptor stimulation (which exerts a 'functional' antagonism of effects mediated through beta-adrenoceptors but not through alpha-adrenoceptors) was evaluated by recording contraction and(More)