J. B. Liu

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Sublethal ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a powerful inducer of ischemic brain tolerance. However, its underlying mechanisms are still not well understood. In this study, we chose four different IPC paradigms, namely 5 min (5 min duration), 5×5 min (5 min duration, 2 episodes, 15-min interval), 5×5×5 min (5 min duration, 3 episodes, 15-min intervals), and(More)
We investigated arsenic (As) accumulation and distribution in four different tissues of maize, leaves, stems, bracts, and kernels. For these analyses, we used 122 elite inbred lines, which were grown in an As-contaminated area in China. The agricultural soil at the study site is highly As-contaminated (11.02 ± 0.95 mg As kg soil−1) because of excessive use(More)
Malnutrition and cryptosporidiosis form a vicious cycle and lead to acute and long-term growth impairment in children from developing countries. Insights into mechanisms underlying the vicious cycle will help to design rational therapies to mitigate this infection. We tested the effect of short-term protein malnutrition on Cryptosporidium parvum infection(More)
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