J B Dickstein

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Many clinical and research situations require maintenance of isocapnia, which occurs when alveolar ventilation (V'A) is matched to CO2 production. A simple, passive circuit that minimizes changes in V'A during hyperpnoea was devised. It is comprised of a manifold, with two gas inlets, attached to the intake port of a nonrebreathing circuit or ventilator.(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha on the efflux of protein from the central nervous system to blood based on assessing the clearance of radiolabeled albumin from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to blood in rats. (125)I-labeled human serum albumin ((125)I-HSA) was injected into a lateral ventricle, and(More)
Bi-directional communication pathways exist between the brain and the cytokine-immune-endocrine systems. The hypothalamic-pituitary axis, the efferent neuronal hypothalamus-autonomic nervous system axis, and the direct drainage of macromolecules from the brain into the blood and the lymphatic system provide a network by which the sleeping/waking brain(More)
Based on evidence of a role for immune-associated cytokines in sleep induction, we investigated the possibility that lymphocyte distribution between blood and lymphatics could be altered as a function of sleep/wakefulness. Blood and lymph sample were obtained from 5 sheep during periods of slow-wave sleep and wake. Blood and lymph lymphocytes were(More)
This essay is designed as a partial summary of the work of several students and colleagues from our laboratory. For the most part the experimental data have been published and this seminar represents an attempt to summarize, integrate and speculate on this work. In some situations the speculation is rather unrestrained and it is hoped that it will provoke(More)
Recent studies have shown that the central nervous system (CNS) communicates with the periphery by the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid and brain interstitial fluid into blood and lymph. We hypothesized that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha would not only influence the CNS by promoting sleep but also would be directly transmitted into the peripheral immune(More)
We hypothesized that CO2, like hypoxia and withdrawal of pulmonary slowly adapting receptor input, would cause tracheal constriction during neural apnea (absence of phrenic activity). In seven anesthetized paralyzed dogs ventilated to neural apnea, we increased arterial PCO2 (PaCO2) in steps by adding CO2 to the inspirate while keeping ventilation constant.(More)
It is well documented that there is communication between the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and cervical lymphatics. Recently, it has been demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) introduced into the CSF appears in the cervical lymph. However, the functional significance of this is less clear. Here we describe a protocol to quantitate the(More)
We have previously shown that raising arterial PCO(2) (Pa(CO(2))) by small increments in dogs ventilated below the apneic threshold (AT) results in almost complete tracheal constriction before the return of phrenic activity (Dickstein JA, Greenberg A, Kruger J, Robicsek A, Silverman J, Sommer L, Sommer D, Volgyesi G, Iscoe S, and Fisher JA. J Appl Physiol(More)
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