J. Austin Harris

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In cultured Lymnaea stagnalis neurons, osmolarity increases (upshocks) rapidly elicited large membranous dilations that could be dislodged and pushed around inside the cell with a microprobe. Subsequent osmolarity decreases (downshocks) caused these vacuole-like dilations (VLDs) to disappear. Additional upshock/downshock perturbations resulted in repeated(More)
Neurons are often regarded as fragile cells, easily destroyed by mechanical and osmotic insult. The results presented here demonstrate that this perception needs revision. Using extreme osmotic swelling, we show that molluscan neurons are astonishingly robust. In distilled water, a heterogeneous population of Lymnaea stagnalis CNS neurons swelled to several(More)
Intracortical microstructure influences crack propagation and arrest within bone cortex. Genetic variation in intracortical remodeling may contribute to mechanical integrity and, therefore, fracture risk. Our aim was to determine the degree to which normal population-level variation in intracortical microstructure is due to genetic variation. We examined(More)
The Middle Stone Age (MSA) is associated with early evidence for symbolic material culture and complex technological innovations. However, one of the most visible aspects of MSA technologies are unretouched triangular stone points that appear in the archaeological record as early as 500,000 years ago in Africa and persist throughout the MSA. How these tools(More)
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