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We have developed a novel, isothermal DNA amplification strategy that employs phi29 DNA polymerase and rolling circle amplification to generate high-quality templates for DNA sequencing reactions. The TempliPhi DNA amplification kits take advantage of the fact that cloned DNA is typically obtained in circular vectors, which are readily replicated in vitro(More)
A new aerobic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic, thermophilic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium, Thermothrix azorensis, was isolated from a hot spring on Sao Miguel Island in the Azores. The cells of this organism are gram negative, nonsporulating, and rod shaped. Filament formation appears to occur as a response to nonoptimal growth conditions. Growth occurs at(More)
Preparing plasmid templates for DNA sequencing is the most time-consuming step in the sequencing process. Current template preparation methods rely on a labor-intensive, multistep procedure that takes up to 24 h and produces templates of varying quality and quantity. The TempliPhi DNA Sequencing Template Amplification Kit eliminates the requirement for(More)
The highly conserved phenylalanine-22 and phenylalanine-106, arranged as an aromatic sandwich, form part of an invariant hydrophobic wall that shields the active site of bovine pancreatic phospholipase A2 (PLA2) from bulk solvent [Dijkstra, B. W., Drenth, J., & Kalk, K. H. (1981) Nature 289, 604-606]. The residues have also been suggested to interact with(More)
A series of charge-modified, dye-labeled 2', 3'-dideoxynucleoside-5'-triphosphates have been synthesized and evaluated as reagents for dye-terminator DNA sequencing. Unlike the commonly used dye-labeled terminators, these terminators possess a net positive charge and migrate in the opposite direction to dye-labeled Sanger fragments during electrophoresis.(More)
A novel series of charge-modified, dye-labeled 2',3'-dideoxynucleoside-triphosphate terminators were synthesized and evaluated as reagents for DNA sequencing. These terminators possess an advantage over existing reagents in that no purification is required to remove unreacted nucleotide or associated breakdown products prior to electrophoretic separation of(More)
Hammerhead ribozymes targeted to various GUC or GUA sites on rat atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) mRNA were developed. The catalytic activity of ribozymes to four of these sites, synthesized by transcription off synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide duplexes, was studied in detail. In vitro, ribozyme-mediated cleavage was highly Mg(2+)-dependent, and at(More)
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