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The ISAG DLA Nomenclature Committee met during the "Comparative Evolution of the Mammalian MHC" meeting in Manchester, England on 10th September 2000. The main points discussed were the naming of class I genes and alleles, and the inclusion of alleles from other canidae.
The DLA class II genes in the dog major histocompatibility complex are highly polymorphic. To date, 52 DLA-DRB1, 16 DLA-DQA1 and 41 DLA-DQB1 allelic sequences have been assigned. The aim of this study was to examine the intrabreed and interbreed variation of DLA allele and haplotype frequencies in dogs, and to ascertain whether conserved DLA class II(More)
Canine hypothyroid disease is similar to Hashimoto's disease in humans, which has been shown to be associated with human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. We have collected 27 Doberman Pinschers affected with primary hypothyroid disease and compared their MHC class II haplotypes with 129 unaffected Doberman Pinschers. Three dog-leucocyte antigen(More)
A Nomenclature committee for Factors of the Dog Major Histocompatibility System or Dog Leukocyte Antigen (DLA) has been convened under the auspices of the International Society for Animal Genetics (ISAG) to define a sequence based nomenclature for the genes of the DLA system. The remit of this committee includes: assignment of gene names rules for naming(More)
To determine whether canine rheumatoid arthritis (CRA) is associated with dog MHC (DLA-DRB1) alleles which contain the QRRAA/RKRAA conserved third hypervariable region (3HVR) sequence, DNA samples were extracted from 61 dogs with clinically diagnosed small-joint polyarthritis and from 425 controls. Breed-matched controls were available for 41 cases.(More)
Rat embryos in culture were exposed to pulsed ultrasound at SPTA intensity of 1.2 W/cm2 for 5, 15, and 30 min on day 9.5 of development. The whole embryo culture system allowed precise temperature control for directly examining the effects of ultrasound on the developing neural plate. After exposure, embryos were maintained in culture for a further 48 hr.(More)
The genetic polymorphism at the dog leucocyte antigen (DLA) class II loci DQA1, DQB1 and DRB1 was studied in a large genetically diverse population of feral and wild-type dogs from the large island nations of Indonesia (Bali), Australia and New Guinea (Bali street dog, dingo and New Guinea singing dog, respectively). Sequence-based typing (SBT) of the(More)
The frequency and distribution of dog leucocyte antigens (DLA) class II -DQA1, -DQB1 and -DRB1 alleles were determined for 25 American Kennel Club (AKC) registered dog breeds, representing 360 dogs from each of the seven major performance categories. Six to twenty-eight (average n=11) dogs were studied per group, with the exception of the Akita dog (n=94).(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate use of urine cortisol-to-creatinine ratio (UC:C) as a means of monitoring response to long-term mitotane treatment in dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism. DESIGN Prospective uncontrolled study. ANIMALS 101 dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism. PROCEDURE Urine samples were obtained from dogs on the(More)
The Akita breed of dog is affected by a number of distinct immune-mediated diseases, including thyroiditis, sebaceous adenitis, pemphigus foliaceus, uveitis, polyarthritis, myasthenia gravis, and uveodermatologic (UV) syndrome. UV syndrome is manifested by progressive uveitis and depigmenting dermatitis that closely resembles the human Vogt - Koyanagi -(More)