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UNLABELLED In situ hybridization studies allowed for the localization of three MMPs and the angiogenic factor VEGF during secondary ossification. MMPs were widely expressed during ossification of the secondary center, whereas expression of VEGF was restricted to later stages. INTRODUCTION The spatiotemporal expression patterns of the matrix(More)
The development of cartilage canals is the first event of the ossification of the epiphyses in mammals. Canal formation differs from vascular invasion during primary ossification, since the former involves resorption of resting cartilage and is uncoupled from bone deposition. To learn more about the fate of resorbed chondrocytes during this process, we have(More)
The development of endochondral bones requires the coordination of signals from several cell types within the cartilage rudiment. A signaling cascade involving Indian hedgehog (Ihh) and parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP) has been described in which hypertrophic differentiation is limited by a signal secreted from chondrocytes as they become(More)
We have cloned and characterized human and mouse ovary cDNAs encoding a new protein of the astacin family of metalloproteinases, called ovastacin because of its predominant expression in ovarian tissues. Human and mouse ovastacins exhibit the same domain organization as other astacins, including signal sequence, propeptide, and metalloproteinase domain.(More)
Tissue-remodeling processes are largely mediated by members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family of endopeptidases whose expression is strictly controlled both spatially and temporally. In this article, we have examined the molecular mechanisms that could contribute to modulate the expression of MMPs like collagenase-3 and MT1-MMP during bone(More)
Among matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), MMP-19 displays unique structural features and tissue distribution. In contrast to most MMPs, MMP-19 is expressed in normal human epidermis and down-regulated during malignant transformation and dedifferentiation. The contribution of MMP-19 during tumor angiogenesis is presently unknown. In an attempt to give new(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is known to regulate chondrocyte proliferation and hypertrophic differentiation in embryonic bone cultures by a perichondrium dependent mechanism. To begin to determine which factors in the perichondrium mediate the effects of TGF-beta, we studied the effect of Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-I) and Fibroblast(More)
Systematic analysis of degradomes, the complete protease repertoires of organisms, has demonstrated the large and growing complexity of proteolytic systems operating in all cells and tissues. We report here the identification of two new human metalloproteases that have been called archaemetzincin-1 (AMZ1) and archaemetzincin-2 (AMZ2) to emphasize their(More)
The simulation of highly resonant structures requires techniques that are accurate and free of spurious-mode contamination. Spurious modes can severely corrupt the solution of a physical problem, and their suppression is a must for any numerical scheme in the frequency or in the time domain (TD). In this paper, we present the application of a highly(More)