J. Almendral

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BACKGROUND Spectral analysis identifies localized sites of high-frequency activity during atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE This study sought to determine the effectiveness of using real-time dominant frequency (DF) mapping for radiofrequency ablation of maximal DF (DFmax) sites and elimination of left-to-right frequency gradients in the long-term(More)
BACKGROUND Some patients with an automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) suffer multiple appropriate, consecutive, high-energy discharges (MCDs) during follow-up. Such events might represent resistant ventricular arrhythmias and might have prognostic significance. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighty consecutive patients with an ICD were followed up(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between heart rate turbulence (HRT) parameters and clinical, biochemical, echocardiographic, and electrocardiographic measures of heart failure (HF) in a large, prospectively enrolled population of patients with HF to determine whether HRT could be considered a marker of HF advancement and progression,(More)
INTRODUCTION Ventricular tachycardia (VT) late after myocardial infarction is an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. This prospective multicenter study assessed the efficacy and safety of electroanatomical mapping in combination with open-saline irrigated ablation technology for ablation of chronic recurrent mappable and unmappable VT in(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether atrial fibrillation (AF) drivers in humans are focal or reentrant. To test the hypothesis that functional reentry is involved in human AF maintenance, we determined the effects of adenosine infusion on local dominant frequency (DF) at different atrial sites. By increasing inward rectifier potassium channel conductance,(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to compare the voltage-dependent K(+) currents of human cells of the right and left atria and determine whether electrical remodeling produced by chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF) is chamber-specific. BACKGROUND Several data point to the existence of interatrial differences in the repolarizing currents. Therefore,(More)
AIMS To investigate the annual hospitalization rate and seasonal variation in confirmed heart failure (HF) admissions. METHODS AND RESULTS Records from all admissions to one hospital during 1 year with a HF diagnostic code were reviewed. From 1953 admissions, 595 were excluded because they did not fulfill the diagnostic criteria. A total of 1069 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Remifentanil has been implicated as causing intraoperative bradyarrhythmias, but little information is available regarding its cardiac electrophysiological effects. Thus, we evaluated the cardiac electrophysiological properties before and after remifentanil in a closed-chest porcine model. METHODS Eighteen Landrace-Large pigs were premedicated(More)
AIMS The identification of valuable markers of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with established HF remains a challenge. We sought to assess the value of clinical, echocardiographic and biochemical variables to predict SCD in a consecutive cohort of patients with heart failure (HF) due to systolic dysfunction. METHODS A cohort of 494 patients with(More)
AIMS To evaluate in patients with heart failure (HF) due to systolic dysfunction the occurrence of polypharmacy, alternative medicine, immunization against influenza, and patients' knowledge about their medication. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-five patients, 49 men, mean age 60.5+/-12.0 years answered a confidential questionnaire during 2002. Polypharmacy(More)