J. Alexander Bralley

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OBJECTIVE To measure plasma homocysteine, androgen, and insulin concentrations in women with normal and polycystic-appearing ovaries in an infertility setting. METHODS Among women referred for infertility evaluation (n = 54), homocysteine, androstenedione, DHEAS, total testosterone, fasting insulin/glucose and methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR)(More)
Endogenous NO synthase inhibitors (end-NOSIs) have been associated with cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerosis. In addition, end-NOSIs may directly cause hypertension through hemodynamic effects. We aimed to examine the association between end-NOSI asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) and N-guanidino-monomethyl-arginine (NMMA), subclinical(More)
Estrogens are known for their proliferative effects on estrogen-sensitive tissues resulting in tumorigenesis. Results of experiments in multiple laboratories over the last 20 years have shown that a large part of the cancer-inducing effect of estrogen involves the formation of agonistic metabolites of estrogen, especially 16-alpha-hydroxyestrone. Other(More)
Modern instrumentation allows the measurement of organic acids in urine in their physiological concentration ranges. Eight of the compounds that are reported can serve as markers for specific toxicant exposure or detoxification challenges. Xylene exposure causes elevation of 2-methylhippurate, and orotic acid elevation reveals ammonia challenge that exceeds(More)
We are presenting the first ultra-high pressure LC (UHPLC) method for rapid quantitative measurement of vitamin A, E (alpha- and gamma-tocopherol), beta-carotene and CoQ(10) from human serum. The chromatography was performed on Shield RP(18) UHPLC column with UV detection. The method was validated based on linearity, accuracy, matrix effects study,(More)
A high-throughput analytical method was developed for the measurement of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and L-arginine (ARG) from plasma using LC/MS/MS. The sample preparation was simple and only required microfiltration prior to analysis. ADMA and ARG were assayed using mixed-mode ion-exchange chromatography which allowed for the retention of the(More)
A novel method for the separation and simultaneous determination of urinary D- and L-lactic acid enantiomers by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS) is presented. The chiral separation was optimized on a Chirobiotic teicoplanin aglyocone (TAG) column. Most interestingly, the addition of water in small volume fraction(More)
OBJECTIVES Preeclampsia is associated with elevated plasma malondialdehyde concentration, but prospective data are scarce. We examined the relation between early-pregnancy plasma malondialdehyde and subsequent preeclampsia risk. DESIGN AND METHODS In a nested case-control analysis, we measured malondialdehyde concentrations in 22 women who developed(More)
Objective: This case–control study was conducted in Lima, Peru, from June 1997 through January 1998 to assess whether alteration in maternal erythrocyte omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) fatty acids was associated with increased risk of preeclampsia. Methods: A total of 99 preeclampsia and 100 normotensive pregnant women were included. Maternal erythrocyte(More)
It is well established that the ingestion of the omega-3 (N3) fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) positively benefit a variety of health indices. Despite these benefits the actual intake of fish derived N3 is relatively small in the United States. The primary aim of our study was to examine a technology capable of(More)