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An essential feature of mammary gland differentiation during pregnancy is the formation of alveoli composed of polarized epithelial cells, which, under the influence of lactogenic hormones, secrete vectorially and sequester milk proteins. Previous culture studies have described either organization of cells polarized towards lumina containing little or no(More)
The initial events during phagocytosis of latex beads by mouse peritoneal macrophages were visualized by high-resolution electron microscopy of platinum replicas of freeze-dried cells and by conventional thin-section electron microscopy of macrophages postfixed with 1% tannic acid. On the external surface of phagocytosing macrophages, all stages of particle(More)
During implantation the embryo attaches to the endometrial surface and trophoblast traverses the uterine epithelium, anchoring in the uterine connective tissue. To determine whether trophoblast can facilitate invasion of the uterus by degrading components of normal uterine extracellular matrix, mouse blastocysts were cultured on a radio-labeled(More)
We obtained high-resolution topographical information about the distribution of clathrin and cytoskeletal filaments on cytoplasmic membrane surfaces of macrophages spreading onto glass coverslips by both critical-point drying of broken-open cells and preparation of rotary platinum replicas. Irregular patches of the adherent ventral surface of the plasma(More)
Induction of the neutral proteinase, collagenase, is a marker for a specific switch in gene expression observed in rabbit synovial fibroblasts. A variety of agents, including 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, cytochalasins B and D, trypsin, chymotrypsin, poly(2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate), and trifluoperazine induced this change in gene expression.(More)
Agents that alter the morphology of rabbit synovial fibroblasts induce synthesis of the metalloendopeptidases, collagenase and stromelysin. We studied the relationship of cytoskeletal changes to the commitment to expression of these metalloendopeptidases. Cells treated with cytochalasin B (CB) or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate rounded, and only cells(More)
We have investigated the effects of the tumor-promoting phorbol diester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), on rabbit synovial fibroblasts, and found that this agent induced a major switch in gene expression in these cells that was marked by the specific induction of the neutral proteinase, collagenase, and was always accompanied by alterations in(More)
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