J. Ades

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Neurobiological research suggests a significant role of the endocannabinoid system in schizophrenia vulnerability and also in the quality of response to antipsychotics. Genetics offer an opportunity to disentangle its involvement in the disease vulnerability vs an influence on antipsychotics' effects. The possible role of a tag SNP (the 1359G/A(More)
Anatomical, pharmacological and human post-mortem studies suggest the dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) gene as a candidate for drug dependence. We thus performed an association study of the Bal I polymorphism at the DRD3 gene, including 54 opiate addicts and 70 controls. Opiate addicts had a higher sensation-seeking score (on the Zückerman scale) than controls(More)
The Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS) is an instrument developed to measure cognitive aspects of alcohol craving. The aim of this study was to validate the French translation of the OCDS according to the international methodology as published by Hunt and coworkers (see text), including forward-backward translations, patient interviews (9 patients),(More)
Late-onset schizophrenia (LOS) is a controversial diagnosis, mainly characterized by more positive symptoms and less deterioration. LOS could be considered as either an extreme of typical schizophrenia (but for old age patients, and short duration of the disorder), or an independent group of patients with a specific diagnosis, with no clear evidence in(More)
Most of psychoactive substances abuse or dependence disorders are associated to another psychiatric disorders. Depression, anxiety and psychotic disorders are the more frequent comorbid disorders. Psychiatric comorbidity is induced by acute consumption of psychoactive agents, chronic consumption or withdrawal. Psychiatric disorders are more frequent when(More)
Erythrocyte membrane characteristics were compared in 15 normal women and 15 women with anorexia nervosa; the patients were studied at hospital admission and again after 1 month of refeeding. At admission, physical properties of erythrocyte membranes, studied with electron spin resonance spectrometry, significantly differed between the anorexic patients and(More)