J. A. Yorke

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The control of latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections by the immune system is poorly understood. We have previously shown that CD4+ T cells specific for the human CMV major regulatory protein IE1 are frequent in latently infected healthy blood donors. In order to learn about the possible role of these cells, we have developed IE1-specific CD4+ T-cell(More)
A ferredoxin associated with biological Fe-S cluster assembly has been remodelled to transfer electrons to a P450 enzyme and support substrate oxidation at 80% of the physiological ferredoxin activity, opening up the possibility of tailoring ferredoxins to reconstitute the activity of P450 enzymes for which the electron transfer partner proteins are not(More)
The substrate-free crystal structure of a five-mutation directed evolution variant of CYP102A1 (P450(BM3)) with generic activity-enhancing properties ("KT2") has been determined to 1.9-Å resolution. There is a close resemblance to substrate-bound structures of the wild-type enzyme (WT). The disruption of two salt bridges that link the G- and I-helices in WT(More)
The crystal structures of the haem domains of Ala330Pro and Ile401Pro, two single-site proline variants of CYP102A1 (P450(BM3)) from Bacillus megaterium, have been solved. In the A330P structure, the active site is constricted by the relocation of the Pro329 side chain into the substrate access channel, providing a basis for the distinctive C-H bond(More)
The power of proline: Bold amino acid substitutions in sensitive protein regions are frequently unproductive, while more subtle mutations can be sufficient to bring about dramatic changes. But introducing proline at the residue next to the sulfur ligand in P450(BM3) (CYP102A1) has the unexpected and desirable effect of enhancing the activity of this fatty(More)
CYP108D1 from Novosphingobium aromaticivorans DSM12444 binds a range of aromatic hydrocarbons such as phenanthrene, biphenyl and phenylcyclohexane. Its structure, which is reported here at 2.2 Å resolution, is closely related to that of CYP108A1 (P450terp), an α-terpineol-oxidizing enzyme. The compositions and structures of the active sites of these two(More)
There is intense interest in late-stage catalytic C-H bond functionalization as an integral part of synthesis. Effective catalysts must have a broad substrate range and tolerate diverse functional groups. Drug molecules provide a good test of these attributes of a catalyst. A library of P450BM3 mutants developed from four base mutants with high activity for(More)
Fatty acid binding and oxidation kinetics for wild type P450(BM3) (CYP102A1) from Bacillus megaterium have been found to display chain length-dependent homotropic behavior. Laurate and 13-methyl-myristate display Michaelis-Menten behavior while there are slight deviations with myristate at low ionic strengths. Palmitate shows Michaelis-Menten kinetics and(More)
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