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Phycoerythrins of several species of the higher red alga Callithamnion show virtually identical spectra, typical of R-phycoerythrins, with absorption maxima at 565, 539, and 497 nanometers. One species, Callithamnion roseum, produces a phycoerythrin lacking the peak at 539 nanometers. Comparison of a "typical" R-phycoerythrin from Callithamnion byssoides(More)
The design, fabrication, and demonstration of a hand-held microchip-based analytical instrument for detection and identification of proteins and other biomolecules are reported. The overall system, referred to as muChemLab, has a modular design that provides for reliability and flexibility and that facilitates rapid assembly, fluid and microchip(More)
We report the development of a hand-held instrument capable of performing two simultaneous microchip separations (gel and zone electrophoresis), and demonstrate this instrument for the detection of protein biotoxins. Two orthogonal analysis methods are chosen over a single method in order to improve the probability of positive identification of the biotoxin(More)
BACKGROUND False-positive results are a common problem in real-time PCR identification of DNA sequences that differ from near neighbors by a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) or deletion. Because of a lack of sufficient probe specificity, post-PCR analysis, such as a melting curve, is often required for mutation differentiation. METHODS Tentacle(More)
Efficient and rapid isolation of mRNA is important in the field of genomics as well as in the clinical and pharmaceutical arena. We have developed UV-initiated methacrylate-based porous polymer monoliths (PPM) for microfluidic trapping and concentration of eukaryotic mRNA. PPM are cast-to-shape and are tunable for functionalization using a variety of(More)
Efficient and rapid isolation of nucleic acids is of significant importance in the field of genomics for a variety of applications. Current techniques for the isolation of specific nucleic acids or genes typically involve multiple rounds of amplification of the target sequence using polymerase chain reaction. Described here is a recent development in the(More)
The majority of efforts to increase specificity or sensitivity in biosensors result in trade-offs with little to no gain in overall accuracy. This is because a biosensor cannot be more accurate than the affinity interaction it is based on. Accordingly, we have developed a new class of reagents based on mathematical principles of cooperativity to enhance the(More)
Rapid and specific characterization of bacterial endospores is dependent on the ability to rupture the cell wall to enable analysis of the intracellular components. In particular, bacterial spores from the bacillus genus are inherently robust and very difficult to lyze or solubilize. Standard protocols for spore inactivation include chemical treatment,(More)
  • J. A. West
  • Digest of Papers. COMPCON Spring 88 Thirty-Third…
  • 1988
Recently developed three-state high-performance output structures in the 100 K ECL (emitter-coupled logic) product line are discussed. The objectives of three-state ECL are examined. The drawbacks of designing with standard ECL are considered, and it is shown how three-state ECL provides a solution. These outputs combine 25 ohm line drive capabilities when(More)
The failure to correctly identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly contributes to the misdiagnosis of infectious disease. Contrary to the strategy of creating shorter probes to improve SNP differentiation, we created larger probes that appeared to increase selectivity. Specifically, probes with enhanced melting temperature differentials(More)