J A Schwafel

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The effects of a cholinergic antagonist (scopolamine) and agonist (physostigmine) on the auditory middle latency evoked responses (MLRs) were studied in 7 normal male volunteers. Scalp recordings were made from a central (Cz) electrode referenced to linked ear lobes on one channel and to a non-cephalic, sternovertebral reference on a second channel. Three(More)
MLR recordings from a group of 11 high-functioning adult autistic subjects were compared with those from a control group of 11 normal subjects. Components selected for analysis were "Pa", the maximum positivity in the 25-40 msec latency range following stimulus onset, "P1", the maximum positivity within the 50-65 msec latency range, and "Nb," the maximum(More)
Auditory brainstem evoked responses (ABRs) were studied in 16 autistic children. Three children had severe delays in wave I latency, indicating defective functioning of the peripheral auditory pathway. The remaining subjects also had delayed wave I latency but only for right ear stimulation at the lowest stimulus intensity. Eight autistic children (and no(More)
Auditory brain stem EPs elicited in 10 normal adults by monaural clicks delivered at 72 dB HL, 20/sec showed no significant change in wave latencies or in the ratio of wave I to wave Y amplitude across 250 trial subsets, across 250 trial subsets, across 1500 trial blocks within a test session, or across two test sessions separated by several months. Sources(More)
Lack of exposure to specific sensory patterns during critical periods of development can result in a lack of responsiveness to those stimuli in adulthood. The present study extends these observations to native speakers of Japanese, a language which does not contain the contrastive /r/ and /l/ sounds present in English. Both electrophysiological (P3(More)
Autistic persons are known to have serious abnormalities in speech prosody. The present study attempted to ascertain whether autistic persons could discriminate and/or recognize prosodic contrasts in auditory stimuli. A group of 11 adult autistic subjects with normal IQ and an age-matched group of normal subjects were studied electrophysiologically and(More)
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