J A Romankiewicz

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Since previously reviewed in the Journal (Vol. 12, No. 2), metoclopramide has been confirmed as an effective drug in treating and preventing various types of vomiting and as a useful agent in oesophageal reflux disease, gastroparesis, dyspepsia, and in a variety of functional gastrointestinal disorders. Of considerable importance is the recent evidence of(More)
Prazosin is an orally active post-synaptic selective alpha 1-adrenoreceptor antagonist that has been widely used in treating hypertension and congestive heart failure (CHF). Its role in the treatment of hypertension has previously been reviewed in this journal. Subsequent reports confirm its efficacy in treating mild to severe hypertension as a single agent(More)
Captopril is the first angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor for oral administration. In combination with continued digitalis and diuretic therapy it has been demonstrated to be effective in the management of severe heart failure refractory to optimal digitalis, diuretic and, in many patients, vasodilator treatment. Most studies to date have been open(More)
In 35 patients (ages 20 to 86 yr) receiving cimetidine therapeutically two serum samples and all urine formed in the interim were collected for analysis of cimetidine by high-pressure liquid chromatography and for creatinine. Cimetidine clearance decreased with age. The extrapolated 6-hr serum concentration of cimetidine per unit dose, after intravenous(More)
The efficacy of a lactobacillus preparation (Lactinex) in preventing ampicillin-associated diarrhea in adult inpatients was studied. In a double-blind procedure, 98 patients were assigned randomly to receive one packet of Lactinex (Lactobacillus acidophilus and L bulgaricus) or placebo four times daily for the first five days of ampicillin therapy. Cases of(More)
A survey of selected drug labelers was conducted to generate a list of drug products that should not be refrigerated. Letters asking for information on products adversely affected by refrigeration were mailed to 109 drug product labelers. A second letter was sent to nonresponders and to labelers providing incomplete information. Responses were received from(More)
A case of lactic acidosis associated with phenformin therapy for diabetes mellitus is reported, and 34 previously reported cases of lactic acidosis associated with phenformin therapy are reviewed to determine if any predisposing factors to lactic acidosis were apparent. Observations of sex, age, duration of diabetes, pathologic conditions, dosage, duration(More)
Current issues related to oral potassium supplementation are reviewed, with emphasis on recommendations for the appropriate use of potassium supplementation for both replacement and preventive therapy. Dietary potassium intake, potassium-sparing diuretics, and the various forms of oral potassium supplements are reviewed in terms of indications for use,(More)
Moxalactam (latamoxef) is a new synthetic oxa-beta-lactam antibiotic administered intravenously or intramuscularly. It has a broad spectrum of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, is particularly active against Enterobacteriaceae and is resistant to hydrolysis by beta-lactamases. Moxalactam has moderate activity(More)
The recently introduced preparation of intravenous glyceryl trinitrate (nitroglycerin) provides a rapid steady therapeutic blood concentration of nitrates during continuous infusion. Intravenous glyceryl trinitrate causes venodilation at low doses, but at higher doses dilates both arteries and veins. Its principal haemodynamic effects at therapeutic dosages(More)