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A 48-year-old woman with the classical features of longstanding rheumatoid arthritis acutely developed a diffuse cerebral disease. Angiograms showed extensive cerebral vasculitis, and CT scan demonstrated cerebral oedema and haemorrhage. Her clinical state, EEG and CT scan rapidly returned to normal following treatment with corticosteroids.
We report the results of the treatment of 80 patients with various idiopathic focal dystonia and essential hemifacial spasm with Botulinum A toxin. A statistically significant improvement was obtained in our 34 patients with blepharospasm, 19 patients with hemifacial spasm, 59% of 22 patients with cervical dystonia and 60% of 5 patients with hand dystonia.(More)
Takayasu's arteritis is an inflammatory disease that produces a narrowing of the aorta and its major branches. The transcranial doppler findings and its value have not been clearly determined. We describe a patient with a history of orthostatic syncopal attacks, and transitory ischemic attacks. Arteriography showed severe narrowings and occlusions of(More)
INTRODUCTION Deletions of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are a known cause of various mitochondrial cytopathies, which are sporadic and usually not due to maternal transmission. The multiple deletions are usually transmitted on a Mendelian pattern, and are frequently of autosomal dominant character. Leukodystrophy may be part of the picture, or even the form of(More)
The results obtained in a retrospective study on clinical and pharmacological aspects of 41 patients suffering craniocervical dystonia (24 with blepharospasm, 17 with torticollis) and 11 with spasm are here presented. Mean age of symptoms onset was 57.4, 43.8 and 55.8 years old respectively; this variable was comparatively higher in females than in males(More)
We report a family with branchial myoclonus, spastic paraparesis, and cerebellar ataxia in which six members were affected in two generations and the inheritance appeared to be autosomal dominant. Age at onset ranged from 40 to 50 years. Rhythmic myoclonus involving the palate, pharynx, larynx, and face was followed by truncal ataxia and spastic paraparesis(More)
INTRODUCTION Factor V Leiden and prothrombin 20210A polymorphisms are the most common mutations related to deep vein thrombosis, however their relationship with stroke is debated. This paper studies the possible relationship between both entities. MATERIAL AND METHODS A case-control study was conducted during 27 months to study their association. A total(More)
BACKGROUND HIV infection and parenteral drug abuse (PDA) are frequently associated conditions. Both are at increased risk of developing specific types of Candida infections. Localized CNS infection is an exceptional finding. METHODS We report two cases of meningitis in PDA due to Candida albicans--one of them HIV positive, and review the literature(More)
We studied three patients who were admitted to the hospital because of progressive weakness without other systemic signs or symptoms. All three cases were young males who had been intravenous drug user for many years. Electrophysiologic study showed prolonged distal latencies and marked slowing of motor and sensory conduction velocities, consistent with(More)