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It is hypothesized that emotional arousal modulates long-term memory consolidation through the amygdala. Gaseous anesthetic agents are among the most potent drugs that cause temporary amnesia, yet the effects of inhalational anesthesia on human emotional memory processing remain unknown. To study this, two experiments were performed with the commonly used(More)
Polyglutamine (polyQ) stretches exceeding a threshold length confer a toxic function to proteins that contain them and cause at least nine neurological disorders. The basis for this toxicity threshold is unclear. Although polyQ expansions render proteins prone to aggregate into inclusion bodies, this may be a neuronal coping response to more toxic forms of(More)
The neural correlates of consciousness must be identified, but how? Anesthetics can be used as tools to dissect the nervous system. Anesthetics not only allow for the experimental investigation into the conscious-unconscious state transition, but they can also be titrated to subanesthetic doses in order to affect selected components of consciousness such as(More)
Abnormal polyglutamine (polyQ) tracts are the only common feature in nine proteins that each cause a dominant neurodegenerative disorder. In Huntington's disease, tracts longer than 36 glutamines in the protein huntingtin (htt) cause degeneration. In situ, monoclonal antibody 3B5H10 binds to different htt fragments in neurons in proportion to their(More)
An expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) stretch in the protein huntingtin (htt) induces self-aggregation into inclusion bodies (IBs) and causes Huntington's disease (HD). Defining precise relationships between early observable variables and neuronal death at the molecular and cellular levels should improve our understanding of HD pathogenesis. Here, we used an(More)
Our goal was to determine whether the extent of off-line performance improvements on a visuomotor task depends on the amount of practice individuals experience prior to a 24-h between-session break. Subjects completed ten trials of a mirror-tracing task over two days. On Day 1, subjects experienced either one, three or seven trials. Twenty-four hours later(More)
Huntington disease is a genetic neurodegenerative disorder that arises from an expanded polyglutamine region in the N terminus of the HD gene product, huntingtin. Protein inclusions comprised of N-terminal fragments of mutant huntingtin are a characteristic feature of disease, though are likely to play a protective role rather than a causative one in(More)
An interactive computer system has been designed to handle all the data associated with the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) drug screening program. The system resides on the NIH DEC System 10 computers and allows interactive access to the entire NCI screening data system. This contains over 20 separate databases, including a chemistry file of about(More)
The Inventory/Shipping package of the NCI Drug Information System (DIS) is designed to support all inventory and shipping operations associated with the testing by the NCI of large numbers of chemicals for anticancer activity. Two major databases, an Inventory database and a Shipping History database, contain all of the data associated with these(More)
The Pre-Registry Module of the Drug Information System (DIS) is a staging area through which all new compounds are passed prior to acquisition and testing. Several methods are available for the entry of structures into the Pre-Registry; all involve built-in data validation. Newly entered structures are examined by computer programs for structural novelty(More)