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It is well known that in convergence insufficiency (CI) prism adaptation is reduced in response to base-out (BO) prisms at near. There have also been some suggestions in the literature that adaptation is reduced at other distances as well. The present data show that in CI adaptation is not only reduced in response to BO at near, but also in response to(More)
A double-pass, photoelectric, ophthalmoscopic method was used for objective study of the variation in image quality across the retina in terms of the reflected image of a fine line, the line-spread function. Radial and tangential line-spread functions have been studied with active and paralyzed accommodation at eccentricities up to 45 deg. With large(More)
The changes in the patterns of refraction (skiagrams) over the central +/-35 degrees of the horizontal field of 3 originally near-emmetropic eyes of 2 subjects were determined over a time interval of 26 years. The subjects were aged 32 and 40 years at the time of the first measurements. The central refractions shifted in the expected hyperopic direction,(More)
The theories and characteristics of anomalous retinal correspondence (ARC) are critically reviewed and a classification of ARC is proposed which attempts to reconcile various aspects of the different theories. It is suggested that ARC in microtropia, and perhaps some small-angle squints, is a cortical adaptive mechanism, whereas squints with a larger and(More)
In previous phoria adaptation experiments on normal subjects adaptation tends to reach only approximately 2/3 of the prism-induced phoria while clinical experience indicates that prism adaptation is usually complete. The present data show that increasing the proportion of binocular experience through the phoria-inducing prism allows adaptation to become(More)