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Sixty children with biochemical evidence of intrapartum fetal hypoxia were studied to define the factors which distinguish the children with deficits from those without deficits of motor and cognitive development. Follow-up assessment included growth measures, neurological examination, Bayley Scales of Infant Development, and a modified Uzgiris and Hunt(More)
  • J A Low
  • 1988
The diagnosis of fetal asphyxia requires a blood gas and acid-base assessment demonstrating a significant metabolic acidosis. However, the fetus may tolerate an asphyxial insult without central nervous system injury because of the fetal cardiovascular adaptation to hypoxemia. Prediction of the significance of an asphyxial insult to the fetus requires a(More)
  • James A Low
  • 2004
Studies in the research laboratory have demonstrated the complex relationship between fetal and newborn asphyxia and brain damage, a balance between the degree, duration and nature of the asphyxia and the quality of the cardiovascular compensatory response. Clinical studies would support the contention that the human fetus and newborn behave in a similar(More)
Maturation of human fetal response to vibroacoustic stimulation was examined in 60 fetuses from 23 to 36 weeks gestational age. Subjects received vibroacoustic or no-stimulus control trials (randomly assigned) while fetal heart rate (FHR) was recorded and movement was observed on real-time ultrasound scan. Initially, at 26-28 weeks, a small FHR deceleration(More)
The neuropathologic conditions in 120 perinatal deaths attributed to fetal or newborn asphyxia were examined. Central nervous system necrosis was present in 16 of these deaths. The approximate time of asphyxial insult was established by determining the duration of the process, based on the findings of neuronal necrosis, macrophage response, or an astrocyte(More)
  • James Low
  • 2009
Prior to 1500, postmortem Caesarean section was advocated and occasionally carried out as an effort to save the child. Caesarean section on the living woman was first advocated during the 16th and 17th centuries but was opposed by the leading authorities of the day. During the 18th century and the first half of the 19th, understanding of the mechanism of(More)
This is a preliminary report of a prospective follow-up study of 42 infants who had episodes of intrapartum fetal asphyxia at delivery identified by an acid-base assessment and a control group of 69 babies who had no evidence of intrapartum fetal asphyxia. The newborn infants were mature at delivery. There were no major neurologic disabilities in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine the threshold of metabolic acidosis at delivery associated with newborn complications. STUDY DESIGN This study was a matched case-control study of 174 term newborn infants. Three groups defined by umbilical artery base deficit at birth were 4 to 8 mmol/L, 8 to 12 mmol/L, and 12 to 16 mmol/L. Newborn complications(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the association of fetal and newborn complications, socioeconomic status, and home environment with learning deficits as assessed between 9 and 11 years of age. STUDY DESIGN A total of 218 high-risk newborns have been assessed at 1, 4, and 9 to 11 years of age. Fetal and newborn complications included 77 newborns with growth(More)