J. A. Low

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Reported is the second phase of a prospective follow-up study of 76 growth-retarded children who were mature at birth and a control group of 88 children who had weights appropriate for gestational age at birth. Follow-up assessments of motor, cognitive, and language development were made between 1 and 6 years of age. The children of the intrauterine growth(More)
Term newborn infants, 48 of whom had mild intrapartum fetal asphyxia, and 43 controls were assessed between 4 and 8 years of age for evidence of selective brain damage and minor deficits. Measures of motor and cognitive development were obtained at 4 and at 6 to 8 years of age. Memory tests, including the Alternation Test and determinations of Extended(More)
A total of 364 selected high-risk premature and mature infants were studied prospectively to assess the relationship between fetal-newborn complications and motor and cognitive deficits identified during the first year of life. Deficits occurred in 24 per cent of the children: 14 per cent had one or more major deficit and the other 10 per cent had one or(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the fetal movement response elicited by vibroacoustic stimulation depends upon the vibrator and the method used to judge movement. METHODS Two methods of obtaining elicited fetal movement responses--maternal perceptions and ultrasound scan observations--were compared using two different vibroacoustic stimuli in 16 low-risk(More)
The effect of stimulus intensity on fetal heart rate (FHR) acceleration and body movement responses was evaluated in term fetuses in a two-stage study. During the first stage (N = 30), a pink noise played at 110 or 105 dB elicited a greater mean peak FHR acceleration than when played at 100 dB. Movement scores indicated that the 110-dB noise elicited more(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to identify distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectories associated with weight classification, and to examine demographic characteristics and clusters of obesogenic behaviours in adolescents with these trajectories. METHODS Data were extracted from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of(More)
The burden of disease associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection in adults can be considerable but is largely preventable through routine vaccination. Although substantial progress has been made with the recent licensure of the new vaccines for prevention of pneumonia in adults, vaccine uptake rates need to be improved significantly to tackle adult(More)