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Heterozygotes for the dominant temperature sensitive mutant DTS-3 of Drosophila melanogaster die as third instar larvae when grown at 29° C. These larvae have grossly hypertrophied ring glands due to the growth of the prothoracic gland cells. The nuclei of the prothoracic glands possess polytene chromosomes which are as large as those of salivary gland(More)
Fragile X syndrome results from mutations in a (CGG)n repeat found in the coding sequence of the FMR-1 gene. Analysis of length variation in this region in normal individuals shows a range of allele sizes varying from a low of 6 to a high of 54 repeats. Premutations showing no phenotypic effect in fragile X families range in size from 52 to over 200(More)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of heritable mental retardation, affecting approximately 1 in 4000 males. The syndrome arises from expansion of a trinucleotide repeat in the 5'-untranslated region of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene, leading to methylation of the promoter sequence and lack of the fragile X mental retardation(More)
Analysis of 84 human X chromosomes for the presence of interrupting AGG trinucleotides within the CGG repeat tract of the FMR1 gene revealed that most alleles possess two interspersed AGGs and that the longest tract of uninterrupted CGG repeats is usually found at the 3' end. Variation in the length of the repeat appears polar. Alleles containing between 34(More)
The preliminary results of an international collaborative study examining premature menopause in fragile X carriers are presented. A total of 760 women from fragile X families was surveyed about their fragile X carrier status and their menstrual and reproductive histories. Among the subjects, 395 carried a premutation, 128 carried a full mutation, and 237(More)
Organophosphates (OPs) are routinely used as pesticides in agriculture and as insecticides within the household. Our prior work on Reelin and APOE delineated a gene-environment interactive model of autism pathogenesis, whereby genetically vulnerable individuals prenatally exposed to OPs during critical periods in neurodevelopment could undergo altered(More)
Duplications of 7q11.23, deleted in Williams-Beuren Syndrome, have been implicated in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). A 1.5 Mb duplication was identified in one girl with severe expressive language deficits and anxiety among 1,142 ASD individuals screened for this duplication. Family-based association studies of Tag-SNPs in three genes (STX1A , CYLN2 and(More)
We have isolated a repetitive 1.8 kb Kpnl DNA sequence which is amplified in the homogeneously staining regions of a human melanoma cell line. Under low stringency conditions this sequence (D15Z1) hybridized in situ to the centromeric heterochromatin of chromosomes 1, 9, 15p, 16, and distal Yq as well as to the the short arms of the other acrocentric(More)
We have conducted a multicenter obstetrical and gynecological survey of women in fragile X families. Included in the study were 131 gene carriers (39 with a full mutation and 92 with a premutation) and 109 noncarriers. Analysis indicated that higher numbers of fragile X gene carriers reported having irregular menses and other gynecological complications. As(More)