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A new method is presented for estimating the rate of gene flow into island populations using the distribution of alleles in samples from a number of islands. The pseudo maximum likelihood estimator (PMLE) that we derive may be applied to species with either discrete or continuous generation times. For Wright's discrete-generation island model, the method(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings from 19 scalp recording sites were used to differentiate among two posited unique forms of mediation, concentration and mindfulness, and a normal relaxation control condition. Analyzes of all traditional frequency bandwidth data (i.e., delta 1-3 Hz; theta, 4-7 Hz; alpha, 8-12 Hz; beta 1, 13-25 Hz; beta 2, 26-32 Hz)(More)
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein that, in a hyperphosphorylated form, comprises the main component of the paired helical filaments and neurofibrillary tangles found in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) brain. It is therefore important to understand the normal functioning and processing of tau protein, and the abnormal posttranslational processing of tau in AD(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the modulation of tau phosphorylation mediated by protein kinase A, a kinase with low intrinsic activity, and by the constitutively active glycogen synthase kinase, as well as to examine the subsequent effects on tau-microtubule association in differentiated human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Activation of protein(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to monitor proteins synthesized in unstimulated control and in adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)- or cAMP-stimulated rat adrenal cells. Four proteins, which have similar proteolytic peptide maps, have been identified. The two found primarily in unstimulated cells are referred to as pb and pa, where pb is the(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) is a Ser/Thr kinase that is involved in numerous cellular activities. GSK3beta is activated by tyrosine phosphorylation. However, very little is known about the tyrosine kinases that are responsible for phosphorylating GSK3beta. In this report, we investigated the ability of the calcium-dependent tyrosine kinase,(More)
Calcium is a universal intracellular signaling molecule. Through variations in both the amplitude and frequency of intracellular calcium increases, the same calcium ion can elicit different responses. In this report, we investigated the effect of a calcium transient, lasting 2-5 min, on alterations in the phosphorylation state of the cytoskeletal protein,(More)
The absolute number of T4 cells has been established as an important clinical marker of disease progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Series of T4 counts are analyzed from the 131 homosexual men who entered the New York Blood Center Study in 1984, mostly seropositive for HIV,(More)
Bovine adrenal fasciculata cells, exposed to either ACTH or AII, synthesize glucocorticoids at an enhanced rate. It is generally accepted that the signaling pathways triggered by these two peptides are not identical. ACTH presumably acts via a cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and AII, via a calcium-dependent protein kinase. We have found that either(More)