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In this prospective study, the psychological morbidity associated with the treatment of breast cancer was assessed. The study population comprised all patients referred to one centre with a recently diagnosed breast lump, who were to undergo surgery. Psychological morbidity was assessed preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively by modified(More)
Conventional imaging techniques are of limited value in identifying small liver metastases. Indirect methods of measuring blood-flow have shown that metastases may be associated with subtle changes in liver blood-flow. Doppler ultrasonography has the ability to measure liver blood-flow directly. In this study, the role of duplex sonography in the detection(More)
Risk of pancreatic cancer, the fourth deadliest cancer in the United States, is increased by obesity. Calorie restriction (CR) prevents obesity, suppresses carcinogenesis in many models, and reduces serum levels of IGF-1. In the present study, we examined the impact of CR on a model of inflammation-associated pancreatitis and pancreatic dysplasia, with a(More)
Many colorectal liver metastases are hypovascular, and their low level of perfusion is associated with limited drug uptake and poor response rates with regional chemotherapy. We have previously shown that hepatic arterial vasoconstrictors may increase drug delivery to liver tumours, but the underlying haemodynamic changes have not been defined. Using(More)
The natural changes of aging increase perioperative medical risk factors in the elderly population. Aggressive preoperative patient evaluation and perioperative monitoring can effectively decrease morbidity and mortality rates to equal those of younger patients. The surgical strategy must take into account the increased incidence of atherosclerosis in the(More)
BACKGROUND As yet there is no established method of accurately identifying patients with colorectal cancer who, despite undergoing apparently curative resection, are at high risk of recurrence. We assessed whether the doppler perfusion index (DPI; ratio of hepatic arterial to total liver blood flow) could be used to select patients who should receive(More)
Etiologic factors for pancreatic cancer, the 4th deadliest malignant neoplasm in the United States, include obesity and abnormal glucose metabolism. Calorie restriction (CR) and rapamycin each affect energy metabolism and cell survival pathways via inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. By using a Panc02 murine pancreatic cancer cell(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate cutaneous blood flow in regions commonly used as donor sites in reconstructive surgery in order to better establish normal flow ranges. Flow was measured with the TSI Laserflo BPM 403 in 27 healthy volunteers and compared to the flow in uncomplicated postoperative autologous tissue transplants. The forehead produced(More)
Previous studies using dynamic scintigraphy have shown that the measurement of changes in hepatic perfusion may be exploited to detect liver metastases. Similar hepatic haemodynamic changes also occur in cirrhosis, however, thereby reducing the diagnostic power of the technique. The ability of duplex colour Doppler sonography (DCDS) to differentiate between(More)
OBJECTIVES To review and examine the clinical and research literature on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with a view to establishing the role that psychiatric factors play in the pathogenesis and treatment of this syndrome. RESULTS Comorbid psychiatric illness is common with IBS, yet only a small proportion of these patients seek medical attention. Many(More)