J A Dzieciuch

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The effects of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine (NNA) on seizures induced by excitatory amino acids, bicuculline, pentylenetetrazol and pilocarpine were studied in mice. NNA (10 and 40 mg kg-1, i.p.) enhanced the susceptibility to intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) kainate (KA) which was reflected by a decrease in its convulsant dose(More)
The formalin test, an experimental model of injury-induced central sensitisation, was used. The antinociceptive interaction between intrathecal morphine and clonidine was evaluated based on the inhibition of the phase 1 and 2 of the formalin response, induced by both drugs, given alone or in combinations with fixed dose ratios. Morphine and clonidine, at(More)
The aim of present study was to determine the influence of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis on intrathecal (i.t.) clonidine or baclofen antinociception in the formalin test. Formalin injection into the hindpaw of a rat induces a biphasic response in pain-related behaviours, such that C-fiber activation (acute pain) during phase 1 triggers a state of spinal(More)
The inhibition of both phases of the formalin response by intrathecal (IT) clonidine and baclofen, given alone or in combination at a fixed dose ratio, was studied. Both drugs, at doses not affecting motor performance, produced a dose-dependent inhibition of phase 2 of the formalin test. The potency of baclofen and clonidine, defined by their ID50's for(More)
The anti-emetic effects of ondansetron and droperidol were evaluated in 134 ASA Grade I and II female patients, scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy and minor gynaecological laparoscopic surgery, who were randomly assigned to receive ondansetron 4 mg or droperidol 75 micrograms kg-1 intravenously immediately after induction of anaesthesia. The(More)
The effect of agonists and antagonists of GABA-ergic system on analgesia induced by clonidine was investigated in the rat. The compounds activating (muscimol, 1 mg/kg and aminooxyacetic acid; AOAA, 25 mg/kg) or inhibiting GABA-ergic receptors (bicuculline and picrotoxin, in subconvulsive doses 0.5-1 mg/kg) do not change clonidine-induced analgesia. Only the(More)
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