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ABSTRACT In controlled environment studies, the influence of temperature and wetness duration on infection of strawberry leaves by Mycosphaerella fragariae was quantified by inoculating plants with a conidial suspension and incubating them at various combinations of temperature (5 to 35 degrees C) and leaf wetness duration (0 to 96 h). Infection was(More)
A central goal of botanical epidemiology is to understand the mechanisms by which the abundance of plant parasites is regulated. In a susceptible crop, the increase of a foliar parasite during a growing season often is determined primarily by weather factors, particularly duration of wetness and air temperature (40). Consequently, the effects of these(More)
ABSTRACT The effects of temperature and duration of wetness (relative humidity >/=95%) on infection of three peanut cultivars by Cercospora arachidicola were determined under controlled conditions. Plants of the Spanish cv. Spanco and the runner cvs. Florunner and Okrun were exposed to constant temperatures of 18 to 30 degrees C during 12-h periods of(More)
The relationship between dose for each of four biorational insecticides (pyrethrins, neem extract, capsiacin extract, insecticidal soap) and mortality of the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) was determined using a laboratory bioassay. These insecticides were toxic to aphids and paired mixtures of the insecticides provided synergistic activity as measured(More)
Adult squash bugs, Anasa tristis (De Geer), were confined on seedling watermelon plants at densities of zero, one, two, and four per plant. Squash bugs were allowed to feed on the plants until plants died or reached 30 cm in height. Number of leaves and length of plant vine were recorded at 2- or 3-d intervals. Seedling foliage, stems, and roots were(More)
Renewable energy will undoubtedly be required to make a significant contribution to electricity supply in the future as fossil fuel reserves are depleted and concerns about the environment increase. The inherent sustainability and low carbon dioxide (CO/sub 2/) emissions of renewable energy technologies additionally provide the necessary features of a(More)
Adult squash bugs, Anasa tristis (De Geer) (Heteroptera: Coreidae), were confined on watermelon plants at differing phenological stages and at densities of zero to four per plant in one trial and zero to 32 per plant in three additional trials. Squash bugs were allowed to feed on the plants until plants died or fruit matured. Plant foliage, roots, and fruit(More)
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