J A Creba

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It now appears to be generally agreed that the 'phosphatidylinositol response', discovered in 1953 by Hokin & Hokin, occurs universally when cells are stimulated by ligands that cause an elevation of the ionized calcium concentration of the cytosol. The initiating reaction is almost certainly hydrolysis of an inositol lipid by a phosphodiesterase.(More)
Rat hepatocytes rapidly incorporate [32P]Pi into phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2]; their monoester phosphate groups approach isotopic equilibrium with the cellular precursor pools within 1 h. Upon stimulation of these prelabelled cells with Ca2+-mobilizing stimuli (V1-vasopressin,(More)
The effect of differentiation on FMLP-stimulated InsP production and G-protein expression was investigated in U937 monocytes. FMLP (0.01-10 microM) stimulated [3H]InsP production in dimethyl sulphoxide-differentiated, but not in immature, U937 cells. Ionomycin (1 and 10 microM) stimulated [3H]InsP production equally well in both cell types. The FMLP(More)
The effect of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on polyphosphoinositide metabolism and 45Ca2+ efflux was examined in a vascular smooth muscle cell line (A7r5). PAF stimulated a rapid but transient production of inositol trisphosphate and inositol bisphosphate which, in the presence of lithium, resulted in an accumulation of inositol monophosphate. In(More)
HL60 cells were adapted to grow in a serum-free medium containing 1 mg l-1 inositol, in which they differentiated normally towards neutrophils (in 0.9% by volume dimethylsulphoxide) and towards monocytes (in 10 nM phorbol myristate acetate). Cells that had been equilibrium-labelled with [2-3H]myo-inositol contained a complex pattern of inositol metabolites,(More)
The effect of dihydropyridine agonists and antagonists on neuronal voltage sensitive calcium channels was investigated. The resting intracellular calcium concentration of synaptosomes prepared from whole brain was 110 +/- 9 nM, as assayed by the indicator quin 2. Depolarisation of the synaptosomes with K+ produced an immediate increase in [Ca2+]i. The(More)
DMSO differentiated U937 cells responded to 10(-6) M LTD4, LTB4 and FMLP with an increase in both InsP formation and [Ca2+]i. FMLP caused a greater rise in InsPs than either LTD4 or LTB4, which were equivalent. LTD4, however, caused a greater increase in [Ca2+]i than LTB4 (4-fold) or FMLP. The FMLP [Ca2+]i and InsP responses were abolished by pertussis(More)
All hormones and neurotransmitters which provoke their intracellular effects by increasing the cytosolic concentration of Ca2+ in their target cells also stimulate the breakdown of inositol phospholipids. Much evidence suggests that this breakdown is intimately involved in the mechanism which couples cell-surface receptor activation to intracellular Ca2+(More)