J A C M Lohuis

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The bacterial contamination of the postpartum uterus is a frequent finding which by itself does not disturb the anatomical and histological restoration of tubular genital tract. The improper balance between uterine infection and the intrauterine antimicrobial self-defence mechanisms, however, often results in complications, such as puerperal metritis,(More)
A study was conducted to investigate the relationship between intra-uterine bacterial contamination, endotoxin levels and the development of endometritis in cows that experienced a dystocia or retained their placenta. Fifteen healthy cows, 31 cows with retained placenta (RP) and 13 cows that had dystocia were clinically examined 1 or 2 days after(More)
The objective of this study was to locate Staphylococcus aureus in the bovine udder and to investigate the expression of capsular polysaccharide type 5 (CP5) in situ in both the early and chronic stages of experimental intramammary S. aureus infections. Bovine udder tissue was obtained in early and chronic stages of intramammary infection; i.e., 24 to 96 h(More)
Metabolic disturbances following intravenous and intramammary administration of endotoxins in ruminants are described. In contrast to the similarity in response of blood biochemical parameters after intravenous and intramammary administrations of endotoxins, responses in plasma concentrations of enzyme activities, the thyroid hormones, cortisol, and(More)
Adherence and invasion of epithelial cells are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus mastitis. A cell culture model with primary mammary epithelial cells originating from the secretory tissue from the bovine udder was used to study adherence and invasion of S. aureus. The cells were characterized with antibodies against several(More)
The relationship between preinfection functions of blood neutrophils and outcome of experimental Escherichia coli mastitis was studied in 11 cows. Random migration, chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and chemiluminescence by neutrophils were determined in white blood cell suspensions, and in purified neutrophil suspensions. The course of E. coli mastitis (10(4) E.(More)
The effect of flunixin meglumine and flurbiprofen on the course of experimental Escherichia coli mastitis was examined. Nine cows (within one month post partum) were inoculated intramammarily with 20 x 10(5) viable E coli in both rear quarters. Three cows remained untreated (controls); three cows received three injections of flunixin meglumine and three(More)
The objectives were to describe the systemic signs during the acute phase of experimental Escherichia coli mastitis and to relate these with losses in milk production during the reconvalescent period. Eleven cows, 20 to 30 d postpartum, were inoculated with 10(4) cfu of E. coli O157 in rear quarters. Heart rate, rectal temperature, frequency and amplitude(More)
The objective of this study was to assess growth of Escherichia coli in milk from endotoxin-induced mastitic quarters and to relate the in vitro findings to the course of experimental E. coli mastitis. Whole and skim milks from 24 rear quarters of 12 cows were inoculated with E. coli 0:157 and incubated at 38 degrees C. Growth of E. coli 0:157 was not(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the Staphylococcus aureus capsular serotypes that are not typable, using capsular serotypes 5 and 8, which are currently used to type S aureus isolated from cows with mastitis. SAMPLE POPULATION Milk samples (n = 273) from cows with mastitis in 178 dairy herds in California, Wisconsin, Michigan, Texas, and New York that were(More)