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The potential for performing dual analysis of intracellular glutathione levels and assessment of gap junctional intercellular communication with thiol-specific fluorescent probes in anchored cells was evaluated. Gap junction-mediated diffusion of monochlorobimane and 5-chloromethylfluorescein diacetate following intracellular loading and conjugation with(More)
The onset of sperm capacitation/acrosome reaction was evaluated using heparin. Equine semen was incubated at 38 degrees C for 4.5 h in culture medium with and without 10 micrograms/mL heparin and with and without 0.1 microM of Ca2+ ionophore. Sperm acrosome reaction was detected using chlortetracycline fluorescence (CTC) and transmission electron microscopy(More)
The rapid effects of cAMP on gap junction-mediated intercellular communication were examined in several cell types which express different levels of the gap junction protein, connexin43 (Cx43), including immortalized rat hepatocyte and granulosa cells, bovine coronary venular endothelial cells, primary rat myometrial and equine uterine epithelial cells.(More)
The spatial and temporal expressions of Muc-1, selected integrin subunits, and extracellular matrix components in porcine uterine epithelium from estrous (Days 0, 4, 8, 10-15) and early pregnant (Days 10-15 of pregnancy) gilts and from steroid-treated ovariectomized gilts were analyzed using indirect immunofluorescence analyses on cryosectioned tissues to(More)
In order for pregnancy to be established, the conceptus of domestic animals must signal its presence upon arrival in the uterus, a process known as maternal recognition of pregnancy. The conceptus derived signal(s) prevent(s) the structural and functional demise of the corpus luteum to ensure the maintenance of a uterine environment that supports(More)
The expression of the glycoproteins Muc-1 and integrin subunits (alpha1, alpha3, alpha4, alpha5, alpha(v), beta1, and beta3), all of which may be involved in the control of uterine receptivity, was examined in cultured porcine uterine epithelial (pUE) cells. Integrin subunit expression was also determined in trophoblastic vesicles generated from Day 12 and(More)
This investigation examines the relationship between implantation strategy and gap junction protein expression in uterine endometrium. The pattern of gap junction and connexin protein expression was analyzed in porcine and equine endometrium from cycling and pregnant animals using electron microscopy and immunocytochemistry. Functional analysis of cell-cell(More)
The structural and functional alterations of uterine epithelial cells that permit the apical-apical union of conceptus and uterine epithelium are complex and are likely to involve many different adhesion molecules with distinct but inter-related functions. A number of changes in the molecular composition at the apical surface of uterine epithelial cells(More)
A2780 and COLO-316 ovarian adenocarcinoma cell lines were exposed to 1.0 mM 1-octanol for 12 hr in order to evaluate the potential effects of inhibition of gap junction-mediated intercellular communication (GJIC) on cellular responses to the chemotherapeutic drug melphalan. Other cellular endpoints relevant to drug-resistance mechanisms which were monitored(More)