J A Bedford

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We examined the relations between joint action and Theory of Mind (ToM) in neurological patients with impairments in ToM, in control patients (who passed ToM tasks) and non-lesioned controls. In two experiments, joint action was assessed in a "social Simon" procedure where spatial compatibility effects were tested under two-alternative forced-choice and(More)
The effects of cocaine and norcocaine were compared using locomotor activity, fixed-ratio 100 (FR 100) and fixed-interval 4 min (FI 4 min) food reinforcement and free feeding paradigms in rat and intravenous self-administration tests in rhesus monkeys. Cocaine was shown to significantly increase locomotor activity at doses of 20 and 40 mg/kg, while(More)
A series of experiments were conducted to determine the effectiveness of a progressive ratio (PR) procedure in measuring the relative reinforcing efficacy of several intravenous doses of cocaine. In Experiment 1, utilizing much smaller increases in the ratio requirement than previously reported, the animals generally displayed increases in breaking point(More)
The current study involves an investigation of the possible neurotransmitter systems involved in the ability of exogenously administered sincalide (cholecystokinin octapeptide, CCK-8) to suppress feeding. Male rats previously trained to obtain food either during a daily 3-hr session, or conditioned to obtain food pellets on a fixed-ratio or fixed-interval(More)
The effects of the intravenous administration of cocaine (0.05-5.0 mg/kg) on body temperature, heart rate, respiration rate and several unconditioned behavioral categories were ascertained in unanesthetized male rhesus monkeys. Statistically significant increases in body temperature, respiration rate and heart rate occurred only after the largest dosage(More)
This study was designed to assess the effects of acute d-amphetamine pretreatment on the social behavior of a heterosexual group of adult M. arctoides. The dominance status had been previously determined by use of daily group food competition tests. Prior to some sessions amphetamine was administered to a single group member; whereas on other occasions all(More)
Cocaine and a number of different fractions of a crude ethanol extract of the coca leaf (E. coca) were subjected to a local anesthetic screen using rat tail withdrawal from electric shock. Following an intradermal injection of 0.1 ml of a 2.0% (w.v) solution of cocaine HCl, an immediate response was observed. Two of the coca fractions also produced some(More)
The effects of fenfluramine HCl, diethylpropion HCl, and methylphenidate HCl on social behavior were studied in a heterosexual group of stumptailed monkeys (M. arctoides). Subjects were treated concurrently (i.e., every monkey received the same treatment on a given day). The range of doses studied was: fenfluramine (1.0-10 mg/kg), methylphenidate (1.0-5.0(More)
The 24 hour lethal effects of cocaine were compared to those of a crude ethanol extract of the coca leaf (Erthroxylon coca) in male, Swiss mice. Various doses of cocaine HCl and coca leaf extracts suspended in a Tween 60, Arlacel 83, and distilled water vehicle were injected IP into groups of 10 mice. The LD50 for cocaine was 95.1 mg/kg. The LD50 for the(More)