J. A. Åström

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Crumpling a thin sheet of material into a small volume requires energy for creating a network of deformations such as vertices and ridges. Scaling properties of a single elastic vertex or ridge have been analysed theoretically, and crumpling of a sheet by numerical simulations. Real materials are however elasto-plastic and large local strains induce(More)
It is well established that rapidly propagating cracks in brittle material are unstable such that they generate side branches. It is also known that cracks are attracted by free surfaces, which means that they attract each other. This information is used here to formulate a generic model of fragmentation in which the small-size part of the fragment-size(More)
It has been shown previously that dynamic fragmentation of brittle D -dimensional objects in a D -dimensional space gives rise to a power-law contribution to the fragment-size distribution with a universal scaling exponent 2-1/D . We demonstrate that in fragmentation of two-dimensional brittle objects in three-dimensional space, an additional fragmentation(More)
A generic model is introduced for brittle fragmentation in D dimensions, and this model is shown to lead to a fragment-size distribution with two distinct components. In the small fragment-size limit a scale-invariant size distribution results from a crack branching-merging process. At larger sizes the distribution becomes exponential as a result of a(More)
Crumpled membranes have been found to be characterized by complex patterns of spatially seemingly random facets separated by narrow ridges of high elastic energy. We demonstrate by numerical simulations that compression of stiff elastic membranes with small randomness in their initial configurations leads to either random ridge configurations (high entropy)(More)
  • J A Aström
  • The European physical journal. E, Soft matter
  • 2008
For 2D regular dense packings of solid mono-size non-sliding disks there is a mechanism for bearing formation under shear that can be explained theoretically. There is, however, no easy way to extend this model to include random dense packings which would better describe natural packings. A numerical model that simulates shear deformation for both(More)
We employ a theoretical model to calculate mechanical characteristics of macroscopic mats and fibers of single-walled carbon nanotubes. We further investigate irradiation-induced covalent bonds between nanotubes and their effects on the tensile strength of nanotube mats and fibers. We show that the stiffness and strength of the mats can be increased at(More)
Actin filament networks enable the cytoskeleton to adjust to internal and external forcing. These dynamic networks can adapt to changes by dynamically adjusting their cross-links. Here, we model actin filaments as cross-linked elastic fibers of finite dimensions, with the cross-links being approximately 1 mum apart, and employ a full three-dimensional model(More)
A first-principles numerical model for crumpling of a stiff tethered membrane is introduced. This model displays wrinkles, ridge formation, ridge collapse, and initiation of stiffness divergence. The amplitude and wavelength of the wrinkles and the scaling exponent of the stiffness divergence are consistent with both theory and experiment. Close to the(More)