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Our objective was to test the hypothesis that endothelial selectins, P and E selectins, are necessary for leukocyte migration after muscle injury from unloading/reloading. Mice hindlimbs were suspended for 10 days followed by reloading periods of 6 or 24 h after which the soleus muscle was dissected. Light microscopic observations showed that macrophages,(More)
Diminished regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle occurs during adulthood. We identified a reduction in the intrinsic capacity of mouse adult satellite cells to contribute to muscle regeneration and repopulation of the niche. Gene expression analysis identified higher expression of JAK-STAT signaling targets in 3-week [corrected] 18-month-old mice(More)
Wnt7a/Fzd7 signaling stimulates skeletal muscle growth and repair by inducing the symmetric expansion of satellite stem cells through the planar cell polarity pathway and by activating the Akt/mTOR growth pathway in muscle fibers. Here we describe a third level of activity where Wnt7a/Fzd7 increases the polarity and directional migration of mouse satellite(More)
Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) typically experience body weight loss, motor function deficits, and a general decline of physical fitness. Animal models with these characteristics can serve to study the detailed adaptive changes following SCI. In the present study, we report the use of an adult paraplegic mouse model to study SCI-induced changes. We(More)
Dopamine is a major neurotransmitter in the carotid body of several animal species and its functional role at the level of peripheral arterial chemoreflex pathway is attributed to the presence of the dopamine D2-receptors. We present evidence that the dopamine D1-receptor mRNA is also expressed in the carotid body of adult rabbits, cats and rats. A DNA(More)
Although impaired wound healing associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus has been well studied in skin tissue, the influence of this metabolic disorder on tendon healing and recovery has not been extensively investigated. Because tendons are known to have limited repair potential, we studied the tendon-healing process by using a diabetic rat tendonitis(More)
Lung injury is a frequent consequence of oxygen (O2) therapy administered to newborns and adults with respiratory distress. Acute exposure to hyperoxia results in a well-described pathophysiologic response in the lungs. Because inflammation is an important component of pulmonary O2 toxicity, we have an interest in identifying the inflammatory mediators that(More)
Clinical observations from Buruli ulcer (BU) patients in West Africa suggest that severe Mycobacterium ulcerans infections can cause skeletal muscle contracture and atrophy leading to significant impairment in function. In the present study, male mice C57BL/6 were subcutaneously injected with M. ulcerans in proximity to the right biceps muscle, avoiding(More)
Rodent hindlimb suspension is widely used to induce inflammation and muscle impairment. We set out to define the role of mast cells in neutrophil and macrophage recruitment and muscle recovery after unloading-reloading. We hypothesized that mechanical perturbation would stimulate release of proinflammatory substances by mast cells, which would influence(More)
Receptor-activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK), its ligand RANKL, and the soluble decoy receptor osteoprotegerin are the key regulators of osteoclast differentiation and bone remodeling. Here we show that RANK is also expressed in fully differentiated myotubes and skeletal muscle. Muscle RANK deletion has inotropic effects in denervated, but not in sham,(More)