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The eukaryotic origin recognition complex (ORC) interacts with and remodels origins of DNA replication prior to initiation in S phase. Here, we report a single-particle cryo-EM-derived structure of the supramolecular assembly comprising Saccharomyces cerevisiae ORC, the replication initiation factor Cdc6, and double-stranded ARS1 origin DNA in the presence(More)
The origin recognition complex (ORC) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae binds origin DNA and cooperates with Cdc6 and Cdt1 to load the replicative helicase MCM2-7 onto DNA. Helicase loading involves two MCM2-7 hexamers that assemble into a double hexamer around double-stranded DNA. This reaction requires ORC and Cdc6 ATPase activity, but it is unknown how these(More)
The replicative mini-chromosome-maintenance 2-7 (MCM2-7) helicase is loaded in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and other eukaryotes as a head-to-head double-hexamer around origin DNA. At first, ORC/Cdc6 recruits with the help of Cdt1 a single MCM2-7 hexamer to form an 'initial' ORC/Cdc6/Cdt1/MCM2-7 complex. Then, on ATP hydrolysis and Cdt1 release, the 'initial'(More)
The DNA sequencing efforts of the past years together with rapid progress in sequencing technology have generated a huge amount of sequence data available in public molecular databases. This recent development makes it statistically feasible to apply universal concepts from Shan-non's information theory to problems in molecular biology, e.g to use mutual(More)
We present a computational model of DNA-binding by sigma70 in Escherichia coli which allows us to extract the functional characteristics of the wider promoter environment. Our model is based on a measure for the binding energy of sigma70 to the DNA, which is derived from promoter strength data and used to build up a non-standard weight matrix. Opposed to(More)
We present a biophysical model of promoter search by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase. We use an unconventional weight matrix derived from promoter strength data to extract the energy landscape common to a large set of known promoters. This exhibits a continuous strengthening of the binding energy when approaching the transcription start site from either(More)
BACKGROUND Comparative genomics aims to detect signals of evolutionary conservation as an indicator of functional constraint. Surprisingly, results of the ENCODE project revealed that about half of the experimentally verified functional elements found in non-coding DNA were classified as unconstrained by computational predictions. Following this(More)
During G1-phase of the cell-cycle the replicative MCM2-7 helicase becomes loaded onto DNA into pre-replicative complexes (pre-RCs), resulting in MCM2-7 double-hexamers on DNA. In S-phase, Dbf4-dependent kinase (DDK) and cyclin-dependent-kinase (CDK) direct with the help of a large number of helicase-activation factors the assembly of a Cdc45-MCM2-7-GINS(More)
We present a computational model of DNA-binding by p 70 in Escherichia coli which allows us to extract the functional characteristics of the wider promoter environment. Our model is based on a measure for the binding energy of p 70 to the DNA, which is derived from promoter strength data and used to build up a non-standard weight matrix. Opposed to(More)
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