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In the present study the hypothesis was tested that in normal human aging an insensitivity of the glucocorticoid feedback signals is acquired. Thus, 40 healthy elderly (mean age: 69 +/- 5 years) and 20 younger (mean age: 34 +/- 8 years) individuals underwent a combined dexamethasone suppression/CRH-stimulation test. Cortisol secretion after dexamethasone(More)
The biotransformation of venlafaxine (VF) into its two major metabolites, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV) and N-desmethylvenlafaxine (NDV) was studied in vitro with human liver microsomes and with microsomes containing individual human cytochromes from cDNA-transfected human lymphoblastoid cells. VF was coincubated with selective cytochrome P450 (CYP)(More)
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system (HPA) function was tested in 24 patients with schizophrenia and compared to 24 age-matched healthy volunteers using the combined dexamethasone-suppression (DST/CRH) corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test (DST/CRH). After stimulation with CRH, the dexamethasone-pretreated patients released significantly more(More)
Biotransformation of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, fluoxetine, to its principal metabolite, norfluoxetine, was evaluated in human liver microsomes and in microsomes from transfected cell lines expressing pure human cytochromes. In human liver microsomes, formation of norfluoxetine from R,S-fluoxetine was consistent with(More)
There is only sparse and ambiguous information about circadian and pulsatile secretion features of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical system in depression. We studied 15 severely depressed (Hamilton Depression Scale 30.4 +/- 6.7) male patients (age 22-72 yr; mean, 47.7 +/- 14.8) and 22 age-matched male controls (age 23-85 yr; mean, 53.1 +/- 18.2).(More)
The effect of amitriptyline upon hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal [HPA]-system-regulating neuropeptides (corticotropin-releasing hormone [CRH], vasopressin, somatostatin) was studied in a group of depressed elderly patients and controls. A first lumbar puncture was performed in 37 depressed in-patients. This was followed by a 6-week medication phase with(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was done to compare the effects of 6-week treatment with amitriptyline on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) regulation in elderly depressed patients and age-matched comparison subjects. METHOD A combined dexamethasone-suppression/CRH-stimulation (dexamethasone/CRH) test was administered before initiation of amitriptyline(More)
RATIONALE Understanding of the mechanisms of biotransformation of antidepressant drugs, and of their capacity to interact with other medications, is of direct relevance to rational clinical psychopharmacology. OBJECTIVES To determine the human cytochromes P450 mediating the metabolism of nefazodone, and the inhibitory activity of nefazodone and(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies of sex hormone concentrations in depression yielded inconsistent results. However, the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system seen in depression may negatively affect gonadal function at every level of regulation. The objective of this study was to explore whether major depressive episodes are indeed associated(More)