Jürgen R. Reichenbach

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Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) based on gradient echo (GRE) magnetic resonance phase data is a novel technique for non-invasive assessment of magnetic tissue susceptibility differences. The method is expected to be an important means to determine iron distributions in vivo and may, thus, be instrumental for elucidating the physiological role of(More)
To assess a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging method for depicting small veins in the brain, a three-dimensional, long echo time, gradient-echo sequence that depended on the paramagnetic property of deoxyhemoglobin was used. Veins with diameters smaller than a pixel were depicted. This MR imaging method is easy to implement and may prove helpful in the(More)
Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is a novel technique which allows determining the bulk magnetic susceptibility distribution of tissue in vivo from gradient echo magnetic resonance phase images. It is commonly assumed that paramagnetic iron is the predominant source of susceptibility variations in gray matter as many studies have reported a(More)
Quantitative magnetic susceptibility mapping (QSM) has recently been introduced to provide a novel quantitative and local MRI contrast. However, the anatomical contrast represented by in vivo susceptibility maps has not yet been compared systematically and comprehensively with gradient (recalled) echo (GRE) magnitude, frequency, and R(2)(*) images.(More)
Language acquisition in humans relies on abilities like abstraction and use of syntactic rules, which are absent in other animals. The neural correlate of acquiring new linguistic competence was investigated with two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. German native speakers learned a sample of 'real' grammatical rules of different(More)
This paper reviews the recent development of a new high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging approach to visualizing small veins in the human brain with diameters in the sub-millimeter range, which is smaller than a voxel. It briefly introduces the physical background of the underlying bulk magnetic susceptibility effects, on which this approach is based,(More)
Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) is a BOLD-sensitive method for visualizing anatomical features such as small cerebral veins in high detail. The purpose of this study was to evaluate high-resolution SWI in combination with a modulation of blood oxygenation by breathing of air, carbogen, and oxygen and to directly visualize the effects of changing blood(More)
A novel noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method was developed to determine in vivo blood oxygen saturation and its changes during motor cortex activation in small cerebral veins. Specifically, based on susceptibility measurements in the resting states, pial veins were found to have a mean oxygen saturation of Yrest=0.544+/-0.029 averaged over 14(More)
To investigate the influence of anisotropic electrical conductivity in white matter on the forward and inverse solution in electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) numerical simulation studies were performed. A high-resolution (1 mm3 isotropic) finite element model of a human head was implemented to study the sensitivity of EEG and MEG(More)
Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) consists of using both magnitude and phase images from a high-resolution, three-dimensional, fully velocity compensated gradient-echo sequence. Postprocessing is applied to the magnitude image by means of a phase mask to increase the conspicuity of the veins and other sources of susceptibility effects. This article(More)