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The thienopyridine derivatives ticlopidine and clopidogrel are inhibitors of ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Pharmacological activity of these prodrugs depends on cytochrome P450 (P450)-dependent oxidation to the active antithrombotic agent. In this study, we investigated the interaction potential of clopidogrel and ticlopidine by using human liver(More)
The Lipase Engineering Database (LED) (http://www.led.uni-stuttgart.de) integrates information on sequence, structure, and function of lipases, esterases, and related proteins. Sequence data on 806 protein entries are assigned to 38 homologous families, which are grouped into 16 superfamilies with no global sequence similarity between each other. For each(More)
BACKGROUND Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) can be degraded by many microorganisms using intra- or extracellular PHA depolymerases. PHA depolymerases are very diverse in sequence and substrate specificity, but share a common alpha/beta-hydrolase fold and a catalytic triad, which is also found in other alpha/beta-hydrolases. RESULTS The PHA Depolymerase(More)
Family GH16 glycoside hydrolases can be assigned to five subgroups according to their substrate specificities, including xyloglucan transglucosylases/hydrolases (XTHs), (1,3)-beta-galactanases, (1,4)-beta-galactanases/kappa-carrageenases, "nonspecific" (1,3/1,3;1,4)-beta-D-glucan endohydrolases, and (1,3;1,4)-beta-D-glucan endohydrolases. A structured(More)
Carboxylesterases containing the sequence motif GGGX catalyze the hydrolysis of esters of chiral tertiary alcohols, albeit with only low to moderate enantioselectivity, for three model substrates (linalyl acetate, methyl-1-pentin-1-yl acetate, 2-phenyl-3-butin-2-yl acetate). In order to understand the molecular mechanism of enantiorecognition and to improve(More)
BACKGROUND The Lipase Engineering Database (LED) integrates information on sequence, structure and function of lipases, esterases and related proteins with the alpha/beta hydrolase fold. A new superfamily for Candida antarctica lipase A (CALA) was introduced including the recently published crystal structure of CALA. Since CALA has a highly divergent(More)
A three-dimensional model of the variable domain of the atrazine-specific Fab fragment K411B was constructed by molecular modeling using known structures of highly homologous immunoglobulins as templates. Molecular dynamic simulations and cross-reactivity data were used to predict residues responsible for the binding of the hapten(More)
BACKGROUND The substitution of rare codons with more frequent codons is a commonly applied method in heterologous gene expression to increase protein yields. However, in some cases these substitutions lead to a decrease of protein solubility or activity. To predict these functionally relevant rare codons, a method was developed which is based on an analysis(More)