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OBJECTIVES To present a comprehensive experience with botulinum-A toxin (BTA) injected into the detrusor muscle in patients with spinal cord injuries/diseases causing neurogenic incontinence. METHODS Ten European medical centers provided the results of 231 patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity who were treated with BTA. 300 units of Botox(More)
— For nonlinear discrete time systems satisfying a controllability condition, we present a stability condition for model predictive control without stabilizing terminal constraints or costs. The condition is given in terms of an analytical formula which can be employed in order to determine a prediction horizon length for which asymptotic stability or a(More)
An 8-year-old boy presenting with intermittent haematuria and dysuria was investigated with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), urethroscopy and perineal MRI. VCUG and urethroscopy did not provide a definitive diagnosis, while MRI clearly demonstrated a homogeneous, oval cystic lesion extending from the bulbourethral glands and slightly impressing the(More)
OBJECTIVES Detrusor hyperreflexia with elevated storage pressures presents a major risk factor for renal damage in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction. If standard anticholinergic treatment is unsuccessful, surgical treatment must be considered. We evaluated the effects of intravesical oxybutynin treatment on detrusor hyperreflexia in(More)
CONTEXT Most patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) require life-long care to maintain their quality of life (QoL) and to maximise life expectancy. OBJECTIVE To provide a summary of the 2008 version of the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on NLUTD and to assess the effectiveness of currently available diagnostic(More)
PURPOSE The free-to-total serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) ratio (percent free PSA) has been demonstrated to have clinical use for early detection of men with prostate cancer with total PSA levels between 4.0 and 10.0 ng./ml. Several studies evaluating the usefulness of percent free PSA for the staging of clinically localized prostate cancer have(More)
We report a case of ileal neobladder rupture after radical cystectomy due to mucus obstruction of the bladder neck. Since mucus production in bowel neobladders cannot be sufficiently influenced pharmacologically, patients with a continent urinary diversion connected to the urethra should learn self-catheterization.
OBJECTIVES To study bladder cancer incidence in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. SCI is associated with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. These patients are at an increased risk of developing bladder malignancies. METHODS A questionnaire was mailed to all SCI centers in these countries. The number of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop an International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Basic Data Set presenting a standardized format for the collection and reporting of a minimal amount of information on UTIs in daily practice or research. SETTING International working group. METHODS The draft of the Data Set developed by a working group was(More)