Learn More
While the precise role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is still being discussed, it has been suggested that ACC activity might reflect the amount of mental effort associated with cognitive processing. So far, not much is known about the temporal dynamics of ACC activity in effort-related decision making or auditory attention, because fMRI is limited(More)
Molecular imaging studies have recently found inter- and intratumoral heterogeneity in World Health Organization (WHO) grade II gliomas. A correlative analysis with tumor histology, however, is still lacking. For elucidation we conducted the current prospective study. Fifty-five adult patients with an MRI-based suspicion of a WHO grade II glioma were(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES During aging, there is evidence of microstructural changes in certain cortical and subcortical brain regions. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is used to study age related microstructural changes in the acoustic pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty healthy volunteers (mean age 28.5 years) and 15 healthy volunteers (mean age 61.3(More)
Voluntary selection between response alternatives belongs to cognitive abilities controlling and regulating goal-directed behaviour. Voluntary selection processes are associated with increased neural activity, especially in medial and lateral frontal brain regions as well as the inferior parietal gyrus. However, the precise function of each brain region as(More)
Alcohol-dependence is often associated with comorbid psychiatric symptoms. However, the results concerning the influence of these symptoms on cognitive functioning in alcoholism are still inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine performance monitoring in healthy volunteers and alcohol-dependent patients, and to assess the influence of trait(More)
BACKGROUND We analyzed prospectively whether MGMT (O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) mRNA expression gains prognostic/predictive impact independent of MGMT promoter methylation in malignant glioma patients undergoing radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide or temozolomide alone. As DNA-methyltransferases (DNMTs) are the enzymes(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pathologic findings in the maxillary sinus by using cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT). STUDY DESIGN One thousand twenty-nine consecutive CBCT scans were retrospectively inspected for pathologic findings in the maxillary sinus by 3 observers. Findings were differentiated by mucosal(More)
The aim of our present study was to evaluate the visualization of anatomical landmarks of the temporal bone using a low-dose 64-slice computed tomography (CT) technique. A total of 120 patients were evaluated, 60 patients (mean age 47.1 years; 36 male, 24 female) underwent examination with a 4-slice CT scanner: 180 mAs, 120 kV, 1 s rotation time, 2 x 0.5 mm(More)
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in patients with alcohol use disorder. The purpose of the present study was to examine the neural correlates of behavioral inhibition in alcohol-dependent patients (ICD-10: F 10.2), and in healthy controls and to determine the influence of anxiety on these processes. Therefore, behavioral responses (reaction times;(More)
PURPOSE Since differentiation between low-grade glioma (LGG) and high-grade glioma (HGG) remains challenging according to MRI criteria alone, we investigated the discriminative value of additional dynamic FET PET in patients with MRI-suspected LGG. METHODS Included in this retrospective study were 127 patients with newly diagnosed MRI-suspected LGG and(More)