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While the precise role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is still being discussed, it has been suggested that ACC activity might reflect the amount of mental effort associated with cognitive processing. So far, not much is known about the temporal dynamics of ACC activity in effort-related decision making or auditory attention, because fMRI is limited(More)
Voluntary selection between response alternatives belongs to cognitive abilities controlling and regulating goal-directed behaviour. Voluntary selection processes are associated with increased neural activity, especially in medial and lateral frontal brain regions as well as the inferior parietal gyrus. However, the precise function of each brain region as(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES During aging, there is evidence of microstructural changes in certain cortical and subcortical brain regions. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is used to study age related microstructural changes in the acoustic pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty healthy volunteers (mean age 28.5 years) and 15 healthy volunteers (mean age 61.3(More)
Alcohol-dependence is often associated with comorbid psychiatric symptoms. However, the results concerning the influence of these symptoms on cognitive functioning in alcoholism are still inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine performance monitoring in healthy volunteers and alcohol-dependent patients, and to assess the influence of trait(More)
BACKGROUND We analyzed prospectively whether MGMT (O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) mRNA expression gains prognostic/predictive impact independent of MGMT promoter methylation in malignant glioma patients undergoing radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide or temozolomide alone. As DNA-methyltransferases (DNMTs) are the enzymes(More)
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in patients with alcohol use disorder. The purpose of the present study was to examine the neural correlates of behavioral inhibition in alcohol-dependent patients (ICD-10: F 10.2), and in healthy controls and to determine the influence of anxiety on these processes. Therefore, behavioral responses (reaction times;(More)
OBJECTIVE To use a combination of magnetic resonance diffusion-tensor imaging (MR-DTI) and MR imaging of voxel-based morphometry (MR-VBM) in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) to determine microstructural and volume changes in the central neuronal networks involved in the sensory-discriminative and affective-motivational characteristics of pain,(More)
Deficits in executive functions, e.g. voluntary selection, are considered central to the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of this simultaneous EEG/fMRI study was to examine associated neural correlates in ADHD patients. Patients with ADHD and healthy subjects performed an adapted go/nogo task including a voluntary selection condition(More)
Molecular imaging studies have recently found inter- and intratumoral heterogeneity in World Health Organization (WHO) grade II gliomas. A correlative analysis with tumor histology, however, is still lacking. For elucidation we conducted the current prospective study. Fifty-five adult patients with an MRI-based suspicion of a WHO grade II glioma were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with non-resectable glioblastoma generally exhibit a poor prognosis, even after radiotherapy plus concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide (XRT/TMZ→TMZ). Unfortunately, no data are available concerning the predictive value of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation for this important subpopulation. For(More)